Chapter 8 : The American Revolution
As the fighting around Boston spread in the spring of 1775, delegates to the Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia. They made a last appeal-the Olive Branch Petition-for peace. Britain denied the appeal. With war looming, the Congress formed the Continental Army and placed George Washington in command.
At first, the Americans fought only to assert their rights as British subjects. By July of 1776, however, Congress chose complete separation from Britain when it adopted the Declaration of Independence. From that point on, Americans fought for the right to form their own country.
The Americans won some early victories at Ticonderoga, Trenton, and Princeton. The British, nevertheless, held the upper hand until their defeat at Saratoga in 1777. A few months later, France agreed to enter the war on the American side. By early 1779, the Americans, under the leadership of George Rogers Clark, controlled the Ohio Valley. By the spring of 1781, Americans in the South had pursued and weakened the forces of British General Cornwallis. Combined American and French forces trapped Cornwallis and forced him to surrender at Yorktown, Virginia, in October 1781. Within two years, Britain recognized American independence in the Treaty of Paris.
CHAPTER 8: The American Revolution
Students have read about the tensions leading up to the Battle at Bunker Hill and that the Declaration of Independence was signed a year later. In this lesson, students will learn about the differences between the inexperienced colonial militia and the powerful British Army and how these differences determined the outcome of the war.
Students will visit the Uniforms and Weapons of the American Revolution Web page and read about uniforms and weapons. They will view a diagram that details the parts of a continental soldier's uniform. They will answer four questions about what they read and saw.
1. Students will compare and contrast the British and Continental Armies and the advantages and disadvantages each side possessed.
2. Students will be able to discuss military apparel worn during the American Revolution. Chapter 8: The American Revolution
In this chapter, you learned that the rebel colonists did not stand a chance against the mighty British Army, which had twice as many soldiers and decades of fighting experience. You will visit the Sons of the American Revolution home page and read about the uniforms and weapons used by the Continental Army. You will compare and contrast the two armies.
Destination Title: Uniforms and Weapons of the American Revolution
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Start at the Uniforms and Weapons of the American Revolution Web page.
Answer the following questions after reading the text.
1. Why did George Washington describe his troops as a "patchwork quilt"?
2. Why would a cape have been an important part of the uniform?
3. What was the significance of the cockade?
4. What were the advantages of the Hunting Shirt?