delia Mr. D'Elia, "Mr.D"
Blessed Sacrament Seventh Grade Teacher, Grades 5-8 Science
http://www.quia.com/pages/bsschool.html
 
Welcome back to Blessed Sacrament School

My name is Mr. Kelly D'Elia.  I am the 5,6,7 and 8th grade Science Teacher.  Listed below are some pointers for the science fair.

The Science Fair "2001,"  
HOW TO WRITE AN ABSTRACT FOR THE STUDENT REASEARCHER:

YOU TOO CAN GET PUBLISHED! FOLLOW THE OUTLINE BELOW AND SUBMIT YOUR REPORT TO:

NATIONAL STUDENT REASEARCH CENTER
P.O. BOX 940
CONVINGTON, LA 70434-0940
E-MAIL : NSRCMMS2AOL.COM

VISIT THEIR WEB SIGHT AT
HTTP:/YOUTH.NET/NSRC/NSRC.HTML

SAMPLE ABSTRACT

TITLE:
STUDENT REASEARCHER (S):
SCHOOL ADDRESS:
GRADE:
TEACHER:

I. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE AND HYPOTHESIS
BRIEFLY DEFINE YOUR TOPIC. WHAT DID YOU WANT TO FIND OUT?
(CRAIG WANTED TO KNOW THE EFFECT OF PLAYING VIDEO GAMES ON A PERSON'S MEMORY.) STATE YOUR HYPOTHESIS, OR WHAT YOU THOUGHT WOULD HAPPEN IN YOUR EXPERIMENT BASED ON YOUR KNOWLEDGE OF THE TOPIC.  (CRAIG BELIEVED THAT PLAYING VIDEO GAMES FOR 30 MINUTES WOULD DECREASE MEMORY.)

II.  METHODOLOGY
HOW DID YOU TEST YOUR HYPOTHESIS?  LIST ALL THE MATERIALS YOU USED.  IDENTIFY ALL VARIABLES AND CONTROLS.  EXPLAIN YOUR STEP-BY-STEP PROCEDURE IN ENOUGH DETAIL SO THAT ANOTHER RESEARCHER WOULD BE ABLE TO REPEAT YOUR EXPERIMENT.

III.  ANALYSIS OF DATA
INCLUDE A DETAILED SUMMARY OF YOUR DATA IN TEXT FORM. WHAT DID YOUR CHARTS AND GRAPHS SHOW, ESPECIALLY REGARDING YOUR HYPOTHESIS? (CRAIG FOUND THAT THE FOUR PEOPLE HE TESTED SCORED 5 PERCENT LOWER ON A MEMORY TEST AFTER PLAYING A VIDEO GAME THAN WHEN THEY DIDN'T PLAY.)

IV.  SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
WHAT DID YOU FIND OUT? BRIEFLEY EPLAIN HOW THE DATA LED YOU TO ACCEPT OR REJECT YOUR HYPOTHESIS. (CRAIG'S DATA CONFIRMED HIS HYPOTHESIS.) ALSO DESCRIBE ANY FLAWS IN YOUR STUDY, AND HOW YOU COULD IMPROVE THEM.

V.   APPLICAITON
CAN YOU APPLY YOUR RESEARCH TO THE REAL WORLD? CAN YOUR FINDINGS HELP PEOPLE SOLVE A PROBLEM? DO YOU HAVE ANY SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER REASEARCH? (CRAIG LEARNED THAT HE SHOULD NOT PLAY VIDEO GAMES BEFORE A TEST, AND SUGGESTED THAT OTHER KIDS DO THE SAME.)

THE ABOVE IS FROM: SCIENCE WORLD SEPTEMBER 20,1999 VOL.56, NO. 2              



THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD
"DOES FLORAL SCENT MAKE YOU BUY?"

RESEARCHERS FOLLOW THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD TO FIND OUT.

BY CHANA STIEFEL

EVER NOTICE WHEN YOU ENTER THE MALL, YOUR NOSE IS BOMBARDED WITH SMELLS, FROM CINNAMON BUNS TO POTPOURI? CAN THESE SCENTS MAKE YOU FEEL LIKE SPENDING BIG BUCKS?
          DR. ALAN HIRSH WANTED TO KNOW. AS DIRECTOR OF NEUROLOGY (NERVOUS SYSTEM SCIENCE) AT THE SMELL AND TASTE AND RESEARCH FOUNDATION IN CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, HIRSH STUDIES THE POWER OF SCENTS ON THE BRAIN. HE WANTED TO SEE IF ODORS INFLUENCE SHOPPERS' OPINIONS OF A PRODUCT (FOR EXAMPLE SNEAKERS) AND URGE THEM TO SHELL OUT MORE MONEY.

          TO GET RESULTS, HIRSH DIDN'T SIMPLY SURVEY FREQUENT SHOPPERS. HE RAN A WELL-ORGINIZED STUDY USING THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD, A STEP-BY-STEP APPROACH TO RESEARCH. "THE SCIENTFIC METHOD ALLOWS YOU TO ORGINIZE YOUR THOUGHTS AND AVOID BOGUS RESULTS", HIRSH SAYS.

                  FOLLOW YOUR NOSE

               THE FIRST STEP IN SCIENTIFIC METHOD IS TO FOLLOW YOUR NOSE. THAT IS, MAKE AN OBSERVATION- THE ACT OF NOTICING SOMETHING. FOR INSTANCE, IN DOING HIS WORK, HIRSH OBSERVED THAT ODORS OFTEN ALTER PEOPLE'S BRAIN-WAVE ACTVITY. (BRAIN WAVES ARE ELECTRICAL SIGNALS GIVEN OFF WHEN THE BRAIN CELLS FIRE MESSAGES.) THE SMELL OF LAVENDER TENDS TO INCREASE BRAIN WAVES ACTION IN THE BACK PART OF THE BRAIN ASSOCIATED WITH RELAXATION. PEOPLE INCREASE BRAIN WAVE ACTION IN THE FRONT PART OF THE BRAIN LINKED WITH ALERTNESS.
         
           THESE OBSERVATIONS LED HIRSH TO FORMULATE A RESEARCH QUESTION: WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF ODOR ON A PERSON'S BUYING BEHAVIOR- NOT JUST THEIR BRAIN WAVES? IN OTHER WORDS, CAN THE SMELL OF FL0WERS PERSUADE SOMEONE TO FALL IN LOVE WITH A PAIR OF SNEAKERS AND FORK OVER A WAD OF CASH?
                 
          NEXT, HIRSH CONDUCTED BACKGROUND RESEARCH TO SEE IF ANY OTHER LABS HAD CONDUCTED SIMILAR STUDIES. HE PLOWED THROUGH MEDICAL JOURNALS, BUT DIDN'T FIND ANY ANSWERS TO HIS QUESTION.
             TIME FOR ORIGINAL RESEARCH. HIRSH FORMULATED A HYPOTHESIS- AN EDUCATED GUESS ABOUT WHAT THE ANSWER TO HIS RESEARCH QUESTION MIGHT BE. HE PREDICTED THAT ODORS CAN INFLUENCE PEOPLE TO SPEND MONEY.

                   SMELL THE ROSES

            HIRSH THEN SET OUT TO DESIGN AN EXPERIMENT, A STUDY THAT PUT HIS HYPOTHESIS TO THE TEST. AN EXPERIMENT MUST BE CAREFULLY CONSTRUCTED TO TEST THE EFFECT OF ONE VARIABLE, OR CHARACTERISTIC, ON ANOTHER-FOR INSTANCE, THE EFFECT OF FLORAL SCENT ON A SHOPPER'S DESIRE TO BUY SNEAKERS.
             EXPERIMENTS ARE STOCKED WITH VARIABLES, BUT A GOOD SCIENTIST CHANGES ONLY ONE OF THEM ON PURPOSE. THIS VARIABLE IS CALLED THE INDEPENDENT OR MANIPULATED VARIABLE. HIRSH'S INDEPENDENT VARIABLE WAS THE FLORAL SCENT.
           
            CHANGING THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLE (THAT'S ADDING OR REMOVING THE SCENT) WILL AFFECT OTHER VARIABLES ARE KNOWN AS DEPENDENT OR RESPONDING VARIABLES. IN HIRSH'S EXPERIMENT, THE DEPENDENT VARIABLE WAS CONSUMER BEHAVIOR- WHETHER CONSUMERS LIKED THE SNEAKERS AND OPTED TO SPEND MORE MONEY ON THEM.

                TESTING TESTING
                 
             HIRSH BEGAN TESTING HIS VARIABLES WITH A STEP-BY-STEP PROCEDURE, OR PLAN. HE AND HIS IDENTICAL PAIR OF NIKE SNEAKERS IN TWO IDENTICAL ROOMS. THEY SPRAYED ONE ROOM WITH A MIXED FLORAL SCENT SCENT AND LEFT THE SECOND ROOM ODOR-FREE. THE ODOR-FREE ROOM SERVED AS A CONTROL, A STANDARD AGAINST WHICH THE RESEARCHERS COULD COMPARE THE EFFECTS OF TH FLORAL SCENT.

              THE RESEARCHERS ASKED 35 VOLUNTEERS, AGES 18 THROUGH 69, TO ENTER EACH ROOM, THE VOLUNTEERS FILLED OUT A SURVEY ASKING THEM TO EVALUATE THE SNEAKERS.

              HIRSH USED MANY TECHNIQUES TO MAKE SURE HIS RESULTS WERE RELIABLE. FOR EXAMPLE, BETWEEN TEST ROOMS, THE VOLUNTEERS ENTERED A "WASH-OUT" ROOM FOR THREE MINUTES. THIS NEUTRAL ROOM GAVE THE VOLUNTEERS A CHANCE TO CLEAR THEIR SENSE OF SMELL.

              ALSO THE SCIENTISTS KEPT ALL OTHER VARIABLES CONSTANT, OR UNCHANGED. THAT WAY, THESE VARIABLES WILL NOT INTEFERE WITH THE VOLUNTEERS' RESPONSES.

               THE STUDY WAS ALSO BLINDED-THE VOLUNTEERS DIDN'T KNOW THE PURPOSE OF THE EXPERIMENT, NOR WERE THEY TOLD THAT ONE ROOM WAS SPRAYED WITH A FLORAL SCENT. TO MAKE SURE THAT THE RESULTS WERE MORE ACCURATE, HIRSH CONDUCTED REPEATED TRIALS. INSTEAD OF HAVING ONE PERSON FILL OUT SURVEYS, HEENLISTED 35.  

                SURVEY SAYS..............
                 
               AFTER TABULATING IN THE SURVEYS, HIRSH RESEARCHED A CONCLUSION, A SUMMARY OF HIS RESULTS. A WHOPPING 84 PERCENT OF THE VOLUNTEERS SAID THEY PREFERRED THE SNEAKERS IN THE FLORAL-SCENTED ROOM (EVEN THOUGH THEY WERE IDENTICAL TO THE PAIR IN THE ODOR FREE ROOM). IN ADDITION, THEY SAID THEY WOULD PAY ABOUT $10'S MORE FOR THEM!
              HIRSH'S HYPOTHESIS PROVED TO BE TRUE: AN ODOR CAN INFLUENCE A SHOPPER'S OPINION. BUT HOW? ONE THEORY, ACCORDING TO HIRSH, IS THAT SMELLS ARE LINKED WITH EMOTIONS. "THE PORTION OF THE BRAIN THAT CONTROLS SMELLS IS THE LIMBIC LOBE, THE CENTER PART OF THE BRAIN THAT ALSO CONTROLS EMOTIONS," HE EXPLAINS."THE QUICKEST WAY TO CHANGE EMOTIONS IS WITH SMELLS."

           HIRSH PUBLISHED HIS RESULTS INA SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL SO OTHER RESEARCHERS COULD SHARE HIS DATA. CLEARLY, MALL MANAGERS MUST HAVE THEIR NOSES IN SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH, TOO. "THEY PUT ODORS IN THE AIR TO ENHANCE SALES AND MAKE PEOPLE STAY LONGER," HIRSH SAYS.

            IS IT MIND CONTROL? "AS LONG AS YOU ARE AWARE OF THESE PRACTICES, YOU CAN ASK YOURSELF, "HEY, AM I MORE LIKELY TO BUY THIS PRODUCT BECAUSE OF THE SMELL HERE, OR DO I REALLY NEED IT?"

            USE THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD TO CONDUCT YOUR OWN EXPERIMENT- OR DUPLICATE HIRSH'S-- AT THE MALL.

               FOLLOW THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD

1. BASE YOUR EXPERIMENT IDEA ON AN OBSERVATION.

2. STATE YOUR PURPOSE. USUALLY THE PURPOSE OF AN EXPERIMENT IS STATED IN THE FORM OF AN EXPERIMENTIS STATED IN THE FORM OF A RESEARCH QUESTION: WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF (YOUR INDEPENDENT VARIABLE) ON (YOUR DEPENDENT VARIABLE)?

3. DO BACKGROUND RESEARCH TO FIND OUT WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT YOUR TOPIC.

4. STATE YOUR HYPOTHESIS, IS AN EDUCATED GUESS ABOUT WHAT THE RESULTS WILL BE. (FOR EXAMPLE, A FLORAL SCENT WILL ENTICESHOPPERS TO SPEND MORE MONEY.)

5. DESIGN A DETAILED PROCEDURE.

6. CARRY OUT YOUR EXPERIMENT AND COLLECTED DATA.

7. RECORD YOUR RESULTS. IN MANY CASES YOU CAN PRESENT YOUR RESULTS IN CHARTS, PICTURES, OR GRAPHS.

8. DRAW A CONCLUSION FROM YOUR RESULTS. DID YOUR HYPOTHESIS PROVE TRUE?

9.WRITE DOWN ALL THE STEPS OF YOUR PROJECT.

10. PUBLISH YOUR REPORT.

               PARTS OF AN EXPERIMENT

VARIABLES: CHARACTERISTICS IN AN EXPERIMENT THAT CHANGE OR COULD BE CHANGED.

INDEPENDENT VARIABLE: VARIABLE YOU CHANGE ON PURPOSE; ALSO CALLED RESPONDING VARIABLE

HYPOTHESIS: EDUCATED GUESS ABOUT HOW CHANGING THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLE WILL AFFECT THE DEPENDENT VARIABLE.

CONSTANTS: CHARACTERIITICS IN AN EXPERIMENT THAT ARE KEPT UNCHANGED IN ALL TRIALS.

CONTROL: STANDARD FOR COMPARISION IN AN EXPERIMENT.

TRIALS: NUMBER OF TIMES AN EXPERIMENT IS REPEATED FOR EACH LEVEL, OR VALUE, OF THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLE. THE MORE TRIALS, THE MORE RELIABLE YOUR RESULTS.

               



Suggested Outside Reading for Students on The Basics Of Organic Chemistry:
Title:     The World Of Carbon
Author:    Isaac Asimov

This book is 145 pages in length.  Isaac Asimov introduces the study of organic chemistry in this book.  The author presents a clear, vivid, and comprehensible analysis of many of the most common organic compounds in the world.  He demonstrates how increased knowledge of the structure of these carbon compounds has led to a better life for all of us.  The author presents examples of organic compounds like antifreeze, paint, and perfume to connect to his theme.

Other Suggested Reading Material by Isaac Asimov:
1.  The World Of Nitrogen
2.  The Bloodstream
3.  The Clock We Live On
4.  Marvels Of Science
5.  The Kingdom Of The Sun
6.  Fifty Short Science Fiction Tales

Suggested Classic Literature To Be Read:
(All Works Listed Below Are By Nathaniel Hawthorne)
-The Scarlet Letter
-The Life Of Franklin Pierce
-The Celestial Railroad
-The Marble Faun

By Edgar Allan Poe:
-The Fall Of The House Of Usher

By Agatha Christie:
10 Little Indians

By Alden Hatch:
Young "IKE"
The exciting story of Dwight Eisenhower, the farm boy who became President of The United States of America.

By Madeleine L'Engle:
A Wrinkle in Time

By Jerry McNeely:
Something for Joey

By Mark Twain:
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

By Anne Frank:
The Diary of A Young Girl
Useful links
Last updated  2008/09/28 10:18:32 PDTHits  623