Our first Web based lesson will address developing web pages using HTML. HTML stands for Hyper Markup Language. This is the programming language used for most pages on the Internet. When the browser program on your computer recognizes n HTML document, it interprets it and displays it as a web page on your monitor. Microsoft’s Internet Explorer, and Netscape Navigator, are two of the most common browser programs.
HTML can be written using any basic text editor or word processing software. Because HTML uses only text and very little formatting, the more basic the editor the better, for example Word Pad, which comes with Windows works well, as does Apple Claris Works, which comes with most Mac’s.
Let’s begin with a few basics. In HTML commands are referred to as tags and are placed in brackets, like these:< >. In this lesson we will use ( ) instead of < > to avoide our examples being reconized as an HTML command by the web browser displaying the page. When you type your HTML program be sure to use < > not ( ).
Each command is ended using a forward slash like this: /. There are a number of different HTML tags, and I will provide you with a list and quick reference when you do the HTML authoring activity, which accompanies this lesson.
We begin an HTML document with the (HTML) tag to identify the source code we are using, and we will end the program with the (/HTML) tag. The first section of the page will be the Heading, which begins with the (HEAD) tag. This section will contain the title and any other text or images, which will be used to introduce the page.
The remainder of the page contents are placed in the BODY section of the program beginning with the tag and ending with the (/BODY) tag. Don’t forget to close the program with the (/HTML) tag.
The following is a simple example of a page which you can enter on your computer to get a feel for authoring with HTML. When you have entered the program, save it as a plain text document called INDEX.HTML,or you can shorten the extension to .htm NOTE: the spaces, line breaks, and bold text in this sample are not required by HTML, but they make the program easier to read and de-bug. You will also note that the TITLE will appear in the navigation bar at the top of your browser page. We will expand upon this page in our next lesson, so keep it saved in a safe place on your computer.REMEMBER TO USE < >'S WHEREVER YOU SEE ( )'S Have Fun!
(TITLE) My Web Page (/TITLE)
This IS my first web page authored in HTML.