HOW DO YOU GO ABOUT DOING GOOD SCIENCE?
(Adapted from Memphis/Shelby County Science Fair Criteria)
1. THE QUESTION: State what is to be investigated in the form of a question. The question should be one that can be answered through experimentation/trials.
2. RESEARCH: Gather and record information about the topic.
3. HYPOTHESIS: Predict the answer to the question based on what you already know about the topic.
4. PROCEDURE: Design an experiment to test your hypothesis. Outline the steps you will take and explain what you will do in your experiment. Identify the variables that are important to the experiment.
Experimental variable: this is the one condition that you will change, compare, or test.
Control variables: these conditions will remain the same during your experiment.
NOTE: Adequate time for experimentation must be evident. Numerous trials must be conducted to establish patterns.
5. MATERIALS: List and gather the materials you need for your experiment.
6. RESULTS: Record all data and results in a log or journal. Correctly label charts, graphs, and tables.
7. CONCLUSIONS: State what was learned from the investigation. Tell whether the hypothesis was rejected or accepted. Include explanations of what may have affected the results. Include any additional questions that may need to be investigated. Include how this information is important or can be used.