grammartips Amrita
  GRAMMAR TIPS
                   GENDER
SPANISH HAS WORDS WHICH ARE EITHER FEMENINE OR MASCULINE.

THE LAST LETTER OF THE WORD USUALLY HELPS YOU TO IDENTIFY
ITS GENDER WHEN YOU ARE READING THE THE WORD. DO YOU KNOW
HOW TO RECOGNIZE THE GENDER OF A WORD. TAKE A MINUTE AND
THINK.

WELL TO BEGIN WITH. WORDS WHICH END IN  -O ARE USUALLY
MASCULINE (BUT BE CAREFUL THERE ARE MANY EXCEPTIONS.)

EJEMPLO- LIBRO, CUADERNO.

SIMILARLY FEMENINE WORDS USUALLY END IN -A ( BUT AGAIN ARE
EXCEPTIONS.)

EJEMPLO- MOCHILA, PLUMA.



OTHER WAYS TO RECOGNIZE THE GENDER ARE

WORDS ENDING IN 'L' 'O' 'N' 'E' 'R' 'S'ARE USUALLY MASCULINE
BUT HAVE EXCEPTIONS.

EJEMPLO- UN ÁRBOL, UN LIBRO, UN FLAN, UN FILETE, UN COLOR,
UN LUNES



WORDS USUALLY ENDING IN 'D' 'IÓN' 'Z' 'A' ARE USUALLY
FEMENINE BUT CAREFUL, SOME DO NOT ALWAYS FOLLOW ANY SUCH
RULE.

EJEMPLO UNA PARED(WALL) UNA LECCIÓN, UNA VEZ (ONCE) UNA
CERVEZA.

THERE ARE LOTS OF WORDS IN SPANISH WHICH HAVE BEEN DERIVED
FROM OTHER LANGUAGES. ONE OF THE LANGUAGES IS GREEK. THERE
ARE LOTS OF WORDS LIKE

THEMA(THEME), PROBLEMA(PROBLEM), SISTEMA(SYSTEM). THESE
WORDS IN -a  BUT ALL ARE MASCULINE .

LET'S SEE IF YOU CAN REMEMBER THIS.



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REMEMBER TO MATCH THE GENDER AND THE NUMBER OF THE SUBJECT, THE ARTICLE AND THE ADJECTIVE. ALWAYS REMEBER IT'S THE SUBJECT WHO IS THE BOSS OF THE SENTRENCES BECAUSE IT'S HE/SHE WHO DOES ALL THE ACTION. SO IF ONE DOES ALL THE WORK THEN YOU MUST AT LEAST GIVE HIM/HER SOME CREDIT AND LET HIM/HER HAVE A MATCHING ARTICLE AND ADJECTIVE. LET'S TAKE UN EJEMPLO.
CHICA- SHE IS THE SUBJECT, SO LETS GIVE HER MATCHING ARTICLE. SO IT IS- LA CHICA. NOW LET US GIVE HER AN ADJECTIVE ASWELL. VAMOS A VER. - LA CHICA BONITA. SO YOU SEE SHE IS FEMININE AND SHE IS SINGULAR SO THE ARTICLE AND THE ADJECTIVE ARE ALSO SINGULAR AND FEMININE. THINK SOME MORE STUFF LIKE THIS.
ALSO REMEBER THE VERB IS ALSO CONJUGATED ACCORDING THE SUBJECT. JUST REMEMBER THE DOER TAKES IT ALL.
HASTA PRONTO.

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               The Object Pronoun
The direct object is the thing or the person involved in the action, it is the tool used in the action or the action falls directly upon the object.
Eg. Veo al chico.  I am doing the action of looking and who directly is involved in the action? Claro , el chico.

So if I am to replace the direct object , el chico is singular, third person and masculine, therefore lo

Lo veo.

Indirect object is the thing or the person which or who benefits from the whole action.

Eg. Juan regala (el libro) a María

El libro is the direct object because it is involved directly in the action of regalar and it is María  who benefits from the action, there she is the indirect object. She is singular, third person, therefore le

Le regala (el libro)

If both the object pronouns are to be replaced:
Le lo regala
As the L sound may not be repeated it is replaced by Se.
Se lo regala
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                     IMPERFECTO

ACCIONES HABITUALES

Cuando era niño  jugaba al fútbol.
En la secundaria tocaba al piano.

ACCIONES REPETIDAS EN EL PASADO

Cada año en la plaza había una feria de libros.
El semestre pasado a mis estudiantes les repetía la misma cosa cinco veces, pero este verano ellos entienden la primera vez

DESCRIPCIÓN

Ayer hacía sol, cantaban los pájaros, paseaban la gente en el parque.

ACCIONES EN DESARROLLO INTERRUMPIDAS O MODIFICADAS

Iba a la universidad cuando me encontré con un viejo amigo.
Estábamos hablando tranquilamente y de repente oímos una explosión.
Last updated  2008/09/28 05:39:44 PDTHits  151