hisclio Dr.McGruder
ABAC All Classes
http://mcgruder@abac.peachnet.edu
 
This is a sample page of a new website for students at ABAC.
  3/5/97

  BLACK HISTORY MONTH - THE PEOPLE BEHIND IT ALL!
  _______________________________________________


  GRADE LEVEL:

  Grades 6-8


  GOAL:

  To utilize Internet resources to learn about the people, heroes, and
  contributors to America as it relates to Black History Month.


  OBJECTIVE:

  At the end of the unit, the participant will be able to

  o   Describe Benjamin Banneker and his accomplishments.
  o   List Benjamin Banneker's inventions.
  o   Explain the life and times of George Washington Carver.
  o   Create a resume and timeline of Dr. King's life, accomplishments, and
      rise to prominence.
  o   Create a travel brochure highlighting the King Center in Atlanta,
      Georgia.
  o   Summarize Dr. King's message in his "I have a Dream" speech.
  o   Identify and outline the qualities which led Rosa Parks to become the
      "Mother" of the Civil Rights Movement.
  o   Create a timeline of Frederick Douglass' historical contributions.
  o   Design a commercial starring Jesse Owens, Olympic athlete, empowering
      kids to be individuals.
  o   Design a baseball card for Jackie Robinson outlining his accomplishments
      as an African American.
  o   Identify and discuss the unique characteristics displayed by Harriet
      Tubman during her life.
  o   Write a biography for an African American woman outlining her life,
      accomplishments, and contributions.
  o   Create a poster celebrating an African American woman's accomplishments.
  o   Explore and describe the "Buffalo Soldiers" of the Wild West.


  DURATION:

  Two weeks, one hour of on-line time each day.


  INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGY:

  Divide the class into pairs or small groups of approximately 3-4 participants
  each.  Provide each group with a two-pocket folder.  Distribute the
  activities in the left pocket of each folder to encourage problem-solving
  strategies within the group.

  Have students utilize the right hand pocket of the folder to record their
  strategies, take notes, and track project completion.  Students should store
  information they have gathered or printed from the Internet in this pocket as
  well.

  Provide additional resources for students relating to Black History Month.
  Encourage both on-line and off-line research through reference material.


  PREREQUISITE:

  A short introduction to the Internet with information on access and addresses
  is required before participants go on-line.  Ensure that students are
  familiar with the World Wide Web and the browser they will be using.


  ASSESSMENT/EVALUATION:

  The activities in this unit will be evaluated on the basis of student
  participation and performance.  Team folders will include information
  gathered in the process of completing the activities.  Encourage cooperative
  learning, group process, problem-solving, competition, and the use of the
  Internet as these activities are completed.  Serve as facilitator and guide
  throughout the activities.


  OTHER RELATED ACTIVITIES:

  o   The activities in this lesson plan focus on historical heroes.  Do
      current heroes exist?  Who will be the heroes of tomorrow?  Select a
      current hero, someone you consider to have done or contributed to the
      world in a heroic way.  Create a flyer about this heroic person including
      his/her name, date and place of the heroic feat, and what it entailed.
      Be sure to include information about who would consider this person a
      hero and why.
  o   Create a 3-column table for analyzing heroic qualities and feats.  List
      all the historical figures explored in the activities in this lesson plan
      in column one.  In column two, list the personality traits or qualities
      displayed by this person, and in column 3, list how they displayed these
      qualities - what actions did they take that exhibited these qualities.
      Compare and contrast the information gathered.  Can you come to any
      conclusions about "what makes a hero?"

  o   Select one of the historic people you've studied during Black History
      Month.  Pretend you are him/her for a day.  What is a day in his/her life
      really like?  Write an essay describing a typical day - outlining
      activities in which you participate, food you eat, and people with whom
      you interact.  When complete, compare a day in his/her life with your
      normal day.  How do your lives compare?
  o   What could it have been like to be a slave?  After completing the
      activities in this lesson plan, you should have a better understanding of
      the daily perils faced by slaves.  Create a "Day in the Life of a Slave"
      journal which depicts an average day for a slave.  How does this compare
      to your daily life?  Any similarities or differences?
  o   Ask students to complete the Internet based treasure hunt on African
      Americans that can be found on the "Education First's Black History
      Treasure Hunt" Web site at http://www.kn.pacbell.com/wired/BHM/hunt.html.
      See who can locate the answer to all 14 questions first.  After
      completing the Treasure Hunt, try to answer "The Big Question."
      Summarize in a short essay what you learned about Black History.  Reflect
      on any changes you've made in the way you think about and will celebrate
      Black History Month from this point forward.
  o   Even though the deadline for this year has passed (12/13/96), make
      students aware of this program, so they can prepare themselves for the
      following year's scholarship sponsored by McDonald's titled "Black
      History Makers of Tomorrow".  They are looking for high school juniors
      and seniors who demonstrate exceptional leadership,  character,
      scholarship, and community service.  To learn more about this program,
      visit the Web page "Northwest News - School" at
      http://www.nwnews.com:80/vvissues/v10n44/school3.html.


  MATERIALS NEEDED BY TEACHER:

  o   Two-pocket folders


  TEACHER NOTES:

  This lesson should be covered during the month of February when you celebrate
  Black History month with your students.  It focuses on the people behind it
  all.  After all, without the people, there would be no history to celebrate.
  As your students focus on the great leaders, strong personalities, and
  political activists of the past and the present, you will no doubt find that
  there are more people about whom to learn and celebrate than time allows.
  The ten activities which follow take a look at some of the famous African
  Americans and their contributions to the world.

  Ask your students to begin thinking about "heroes" and the qualities
  associated with people who achieve heroic status in their minds.  First of
  all, what is each person's definition of a hero?  Ask the students as a group
  to define this term and come up with a definition.  Put this definition on a
  chart, poster, or bulletin board.  Some things to think about as you
  formulate your definition are:

  o   What makes one person stand out in the crowd and make a difference?
  o   What do all heroic people have in common?

  As students complete the activities for Black History Month, they will be
  asked to identify unique qualities or characteristics for each of the famous
  African Americans they explore.  Upon completion of the activities, ask
  students to reflect back on the similarities of each of these people, even
  though many of them lived in different times and under different
  circumstances.  Ask students to compare and contrast each of these historical
  people.

  What about modern heroes?  Create a list of African Americans today who have
  achieved or will achieve heroic status when we take a look back at history
  years from now.  This lesson may help students not only celebrate African
  American leaders, but also begin to see and realize heroic qualities that may
  exist in themselves.  Future leaders may be sitting in your classroom right
  now!

  In Activity #3, an audio player is needed in order to play the sound clips
  that can be downloaded at "GRIT - Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr." at
  http://grit.com:80/mlk.html.  The required audio player is available at that
  site as well.

  -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

  BLACK HISTORY MONTH - THE PEOPLE BEHIND IT ALL!


  ACTIVITY #1:  BENJAMIN BANNEKER

  Did you know an African American successfully predicted the solar eclipse
  that occurred on April 14, 1789, contradicting other forecasters?  This
  renowned African American mathematician, author, astronomer, and farmer had
  many accomplishments and contributions throughout his life.  To learn more
  about his background, life, and accomplishments, visit the following sites
  which celebrate his contributions:

      "NetNoir: Benjamin Banneker" at
      http://www.netnoir.com/spotlight/tech/techbann.html

      "Welcome to Washington, D.C." at
      http://www.afamnet.com:80/citypage/dc/dc.htm

  o   Where and when was Benjamin Banneker born?
  o   What was his family and their background like?
  o   What accomplishments did he achieve in his lifetime?
  o   Is he credited with any inventions?  If so, what?


  ACTIVITY #2: GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER

  What do sweet potatoes, peanuts, pecans, and Georgia clay have to do with the
  famous African American, George Washington Carver?  This famous Missourian
  not only made significant botanical contributions, but he is also credited
  with hundreds of inventions.  To learn more about this ingenious scientist
  and his contributions, take a look at the following Web sites:

      "George Washington Carver" at
      http://www.localnet.com/~adonis2/carver.htm

      "NetNoir: George Washington Carver" at
      http://www.netnoir.com/spotlight/tech/techcarv.html

      "George Washington Carver" at
      http://mason.gmu.edu/~ylahrim/Carver.html

  o   Where and when was George Washington Carver born?
  o   What was his family and their background like?
  o   What accomplishments did he achieve in his lifetime?
  o   With what is he credited inventing?
  o   How has George Washington Carver been honored?


  ACTIVITY #3:  MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.

  Obviously one of the most notable participants in the Civil Rights movement
  was Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.  His contributions to American history remain
  paramount still today.  King's stand for non-violent social change not only
  touched many lives in the past, but continues to touch future generations.
  How much do you really know about the man, his life, his cause, and his
  legacy?  To learn more about this powerful figure's exceptional oratorical
  skills and personal courage, explore the Web site "The Martin Luther King,
  Jr. Papers Project at Stanford University" at
  http://www-leland.stanford.edu/group/King/.

  o   After reading his biography, create a resume for this Civil Rights
      leader.
  o   Create a timeline of Dr. King's life which outlines major or significant
      events in his rise to prominence.

  Visit the "Dr. King Timeline" at
  http://buckman.pps.k12.or.us/room100/timeline/kingframe.html to see an
  example of material about Martin Luther King, Jr. created by kindergarten,
  1st, and 2nd grade students.  See how beautifully they depicted his life.
  Now you give it a shot using information about the King Center found at the
  Web site "The Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project at Stanford University"
  at http://www-leland.stanford.edu/group/King/.

  o   Create a travel brochure which highlights the King Center.  Be sure to
      include the following information about it:
          Location
          Highlights
          Purpose
          When and by whom it was established

  Dr. Martin Luther King's most famous speech is probably the "I have a Dream"
  speech which was delivered in 1963 on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in
  Washington, D.C.  Since you are too young to have experienced that speech in
  person, let's revisit it and analyze his vision.  Visit the Web site "Dr.
  Martin Luther King, Jr." at http://grit.com:80/mlk.html where you will find
  the text as well as actual audio clips of the speech.

  o   What was Dr. King's message in this speech?


  ACTIVITY #4:  ROSA PARKS

  When Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus because her feet were
  tired after a long day of work, do you think she knew what was ahead for her?
  This strong and courageous woman became known as the "Mother" of the Civil
  Rights Movement because of that event.  To learn more about the Civil Rights
  Movement and the catalyst she became in that fight for equality, visit the
  following Web pages:

      "Rosa Parks, A Courageous Black Woman" at
      http://www.moore.net:80/~hrmoore/rosa.htm

      "Fighting for Equality" at
      http://www.seattletimes.com:80/mlk/movement/Seatimeline.html

  o   What were the events and the role that Rosa Parks played in Black
      History?
  o   What law(s) did she break and how was she punished?
  o   What affect did her actions have on history?  Provide details in your
      answer.
  o   When did the laws against which she was fighting change?  How long did it
      take to make these changes?
  o   What traits, or qualities does Rosa Parks display that make her an
      outstanding figure in history?
  o   Is she still fighting the cause?  How and why?


  ACTIVITY #5:  FREDERICK DOUGLASS

  This leader in the abolitionist movement had a thirst for learning.  He
  taught himself and others to read and write during a time when this was
  strictly prohibited.  As an escaped slave, he found his way in the world as a
  great writer and orator.  His personal strength and convictions for his
  beliefs guaranteed him his place in the history books.  You can share
  Frederick Douglass' life and accomplishments at the following sites:

      "Frederick Douglass" at
      http://199.165.72.1/thinkquest/models/cb/theodore/fdoug.htm

      "Frederick Douglass" at
      http://education.ucdavis.edu:80/NEW/STC/lesson/socstud/railroad/Douglas.htm

      "Frederick Douglass Portrait" at
      http://potter.cc.keele.ac.uk/depts/as/Portraits/douglass.html

  o   Describe the life and times of Frederick Douglass.
  o   What was his real name?
  o   What is the story behind his name change?
  o   Create a timeline of his historical contributions.
  o   What business did he start after he escaped from slavery?
  o   What role did he play in politics later in life?
  o   List his publications and books.
  o   What government positions did he hold?


  ACTIVITY #6:  JESSE OWENS

  Some describe him as the greatest Olympic athlete in history.  Jesse Owens
  showed the world his talents and his spirit during the Olympic Games.  To
  learn more about his life and athletic accomplishments, visit the "Official
  Site of Jesse Owens" at http://www.cmgww.com/sports/owens/owens.html.

  o   Describe his Olympic accomplishments.
  o   List where and when the Olympic Games took place.
  o   Describe the mood of these Olympic Games and the significance of Jesse
      Owens' medals.

  Janet Reno, Attorney General of the United States, has asked you to create a
  commercial to be sponsored by the U.S. Department of Justice aimed at
  grabbing kids' attention and helping them celebrate Black History Month and
  the heroes around it.  The focus of the commercial should be Jesse Owens and
  the traits he displayed which made him great.  Remember the larger message
  here is empowering kids and teaching them about the power of one individual.

  ACTIVITY #7:  JACKIE ROBINSON

  In 1947 he became a Brooklyn Dodger and changed not only the history of
  baseball, but the history of professional sports.  He opened the door to
  professional sports for all African Americans.  Take a closer look at the
  man, his career, and his contributions by visiting the "Official Site of
  Jackie Robinson" at http://www.cmgww.com/baseball/jrobin/jrobin.html.

  o   List everything you can find at which he was "first."
  o   List 5 of the most significant baseball milestones he attained.
  o   Describe the traits Jackie Robinson displayed that allowed him to face
      prejudice and social challenges.
  o   Create a baseball card for this athlete.  Instead of using the usual
      baseball statistics, include facts which celebrate his accomplishments as
      an African American.


  ACTIVITY #8:  HARRIET TUBMAN

  Harriet Tubman, an escaped slave herself, valued freedom so much, she risked
  her own life to lead family and friends to freedom.  This famous conductor of
  the Underground Railroad helped countless people leave the world of slavery
  and enter the land of the free.  Although she was born a slave, she died a
  free person because of her beliefs, convictions, and strength.  Explore this
  icon in Black History by visiting the "Harriet Tubman:  An Unforgettable
  Black Leader" Web site at http://www.acusd.edu/~jdesmet/tubman.html.

  o   How many times did Harriet Tubman return to the South to lead slaves to
      freedom?
  o   How many slaves did she help reach freedom?
  o   Why did she carry a gun as part of her freedom forays?
  o   How much was offered for her capture?
  o   What was her nickname and how did she acquire it?
  o   What characteristics did Harriet Tubman display which made her a hero?


  ACTIVITY #9:  AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN

  As the saying goes, "for every great man, there's a great woman behind him."
  You've already been introduced to two of these women in previous activities.
  Let's explore further to get a better look at some of the many African
  American women who have shown tremendous strength and character through their
  contributions.  Visit the Web site "Netnoir: Celebrate Women's History" at
  http://www.netnoir.com/spotlight/women/index.html.

  Select one African American woman to explore in
  detail.  Create a brief biography of her life, accomplishments, and
  contributions.

  o   Be sure to include the period in history during which this person
      lived/lives.
  o   List the traits this African American woman displays/displayed that makes
      her stand-out as a leader.
  o   Create a poster celebrating this African American woman's life and
      accomplishments.


  ACTIVITY #10:  THE BUFFALO SOLDIERS

  When we think about the "Wild West" of the past, we may conjure up images of
  John Wayne and Clint Eastwood as the gun slinging tamers of the western
  frontier.  Taking a closer look at this period in history reveals 20 percent
  of all cavalry forces on the American frontier were of African American
  descent.  Learn more about the African American soldier by exploring "The
  Buffalo Soldiers on the Western Frontier" Web page at
  http://www.horseworld.com/imh/buf/buftoc.html.

  o   What role did African Americans play in the Civil War?
  o   When were the 9th & 10th regiments established?
  o   Who nicknamed them the "Buffalo Soldiers?"
  o   What role did these soldiers play in taming the frontier?  Who were their
      adversaries?
  o   What accomplishments helped distinguish these units in the Army?
  o   What was daily life for these troops on the frontier like?
Last updated  2008/09/28 10:24:02 PDTHits  435