ADDITIONAL STUDY QUESTIONS for the Tutorial Material related to Homer’s Iliad as well as Background Material Imparted in Class
1. According to tradition, in what century did the Trojan War occur?
2. What is the legendary cause of the Trojan War?
3. What is the name of Homer’s companion epic to the Iliad describing Odysseus’ return home?
4. Know the legend of Paris, his bestowal of the golden apple, and from where and why the golden apple came into play. Also, know the legend of Peleus and Thetis.
5. Why did oral epic poetry typically have a large amount of repetition?
6. To what year of the Trojan War does the story of the Iliad belong?
7. With what do ancient Greek and Roman epic poems typically begin?
8. In what meter were Homer’s epics composed?
9. In the Early Period of Greek Literature, what are the 2 types of lyric poetry?
10. Who were the 3 great Greek tragedians?
11. Who was one of the greatest comic poets of Greek literature’s Old Comedy ?
12. Who was the first great Attic prose writer, author of the History of the Peloponnesian War?
13. Who were the great ancient Greek orators?
14. Be able to recognize the names of Hesiod’s great works.
15. In the dialogues of which famous student of his were Socrates’ teachings preserved for us?
16. What does the term anthropomorphic mean?
17. Know the following concepts and literary terms: hubris, xenia/xenoi, kudos, kleos, metaphor, simile, foreshadowing, anthropomorphism, suppliant behavior, epithets, and personification.
18. Did Greek mythology involve special revelations or spiritual teaching and did it have a written code?
19. Where was the home of the Greek gods? In what region of Greece?
20. Name one holy place that was universally honored by the Greeks? To whom was it dedicated? Why did people visit it?
21. From what did Greek mythology probably develop?
22. What did the 4th century BC mythographer believe about myths and about the gods?
23. What did the 5th century BC philosopher Prodicus of Ceos teach about the gods?
24. From whom did the 5th century BC Greek historian Herodotus believe many Greek rituals were inherited?
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