interrogativepro
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3. Interrogative Pronouns.

(Are you sure you understand your Miranda rights?)

The Interrogative [From inter + rogare] pronoun is used to ask a question about a person or thing. It usually introduces the question. Who is that? To whom did you give it? Whose was it. What is that? In English it issimplified by the dying out of the form "whom," in common (not high standard) speech.

In Latin this pronoun is fully declined singular if a singular answer is expected, plural if plural answer is expected. By the same token if the questioner expects a particular gender response, the interrogative pronoun takes that into account.

Goldman, Szymanski suggest the following considerations.
a. Is pronoun the subject of the question? Use the nominative {Who?}
          b. Is it possessive? Use the genitive. {Whose?}
          c. Is it the indirect object? Use the dative. {To or for whom?}
          d. Is it the direct object? Use the accusative.{Whom?}
          e. Is it the object of a preposition? Use the ablative.  (With whom?)
                                                                Use the accusative. (Against whom?)  
[Goldman, Szymanski, English Grammar for Students of Latin, ISBN 0-934034-19-2, p. 147]

              Singular
         M&F      N
nom     quis....quid
gen      cuius...cuius
dat      cui......cui
acc     quem....quid
abl      quô......quô

                Plural
            M           F           N
nom     quî........quae........quae
gen     quôrum..quârum...quôrum
dat      quibus...quibus.....quibus
acc     quôs........quâs......quae
abl      quô........quô.........quô
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Last updated  2008/09/28 01:42:36 PDTHits  154