Welcome to the Japanese III Home Page!
Our 5 kanji for this week are:
1. "tada" of "tadashii" (correct)
2. "ashi" (foot)
3. "te" (hand)
4. "migi" (right)
5. "hidari" (left)
Be sure to review the verb cards when in the classroom.
Your new verb set are:
1. To have a meal: shokuji o shimasu/shokuji o suru
2. To breathe (smoke): suimasu, suu
3. To show: misemasu, miseru
4. To wash: araimasu, arau
5. To brush (teeth): migakimasu, migaku
6. To smile: waraimasu, warau
7. To fix, repair: naoshimasu, naosu
Use the activities below to practice these.
We will be looking at chapter 6 this week. Vocabulary words include the vegetables and fruits on page 374-375.
Yasai = Vegetables
retasu (katakana) = lettuce kyuuri = cucumber
ninjin = carrot tamanegi = onion (round)
mame = bean tomato = tomato
jyagaimo = potato piiman (katakana) = pepper
Kudamono = Fruit
banana (katakana) = banana mikan = orange
ringo = apple nashi = pear
budoo = grapes lemon(katakana) = lemon
painappuru (katakana)=pineapple meron (katakana) = melon
ichigo = strawberry
Put these on notecards, along with conversation phrases if you like, and practice them when you have 5-4-even 3 free minutes somewhere! :-)
Conversation point: taken from p. 375
What do you like? = Nani ga suki desu ka.
What do you like the best? = Nani ga ichiban suki desu ka.
What do you hate? = Nani ga kirai desu ka.
What do you hate the most? = Nani ga ichiban kirai desu ka.
What do you love? = Nani ga daisuki desu ka.
What do you love the most?=Nani ga ichiban daisuki desu ka.
Following is the explanation of the three verb groups in Japanese. I recommend that you read it to better understand the three verb groups. We will be working with this more as time goes on.
As we look at verbs, we are looking at the plain form and the -masu form. The plain form is used in casual situations and in certain grammatical structures. The -masu form is the polite form, used in formal situations and with people older than yourself.
As you decide how to conjugate these verbs, keep in mind that there are 3 types. Once you understand this, manipulating verbs becomes a breeze! I will divide the verbs we studied last week into the three kinds, which will show you how to change them from the plain form to the -masu form. Ii desu ka? Ready? Hai, hajimemashoo! Let's start!
Group 1 verbs: Most verbs fall into this catagory. Just drop the -u ending of the plain form and add -imasu.
1. to listen to/hear: kiku - u = kik + imasu = kikimasu
2. to write: kaku - u = kak + imasu = kakimasu
3. to drink: nomu - u = nom = imasu = nomimasu
4. to read: yomu - u = yom + imasu = yomimasu
5. to take a pic: toru - u = tor + imasu = torimasu
6. to sit: suwaru - u = suwar + imasu = suwarimasu
7. to stand: tatsu - u = tats (ts=ch!) tach + imasu =
Group 2 verbs: These verbs end in -eru or -iru, so drop the -ru of the plain form and add -masu. Our verbs:
1. to eat: taberu - ru = tabe + masu = tabemasu
2. to sleep: neru - ru = ne + masu = nemasu
3. to see: miru - ru = mi + masu = mimasu
Group 3 verbs: Only "to do," "suru," and "to come," "kuru," are in this group. Our verb this week is "suru," but let's cover "kuru" here too and then we have the group 3 verbs down!
1. to do: suru - uru = s/change to/shi + imasu = shimasu
2. to come: kuru - uru = k + imasu = kimasu