Before the secession of the Southern States the United States consisted of 34 states that were the masters of and the National government was their servant.
Like the early Federalists, Lincoln wanted a much stronger central government than the one established in the Constitution. He knew that to in order to achieve his objective he would need to strip the states of their sovereignty.
In order to save the Union, he had to violate the Constitution and invaded the Confederate States. Lincoln may have saved the Union, but he destroyed the republic in the process.
Initially the war was not about slavery, it was about creating an all powerful national government that control the states and the lives, liberty and property of the people.
While it is true that the Civil War led the the abolition of slavery it was not Lincoln's primary and stated objective.He made it clear in the first inaugural address that he had no lawful right and no desire to end the institution of slavery where it already existed. He did not wage the war to free the slaves, he waged it to prevent the secession of the southern states.
Lincoln did not want to end the institution of slavery in the south, he only wanted to confine it to the states where it already existed. The Emancipation Proclamation
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