Electoral College
The Online Professor Keith Broaders

The Founding Fathers wanted to create a limited government where the rights of the people would be secure. They chose create a republican form of government and feared the danger of democracy.

The Constitution gave the states the right to decide how their state electors would be chosen. With the republican model, the electors would be chosen by the legislatures of the states.

In the democratic model the people are allowed to directly vote for the states electors

Choosing Electors 1788 - 1789

Choosing Electors 1792

Choosing Electors 1796

Choosing Electors 1800

Choosing Electors 1804

 Choosing Electors 1808

 Choosing Electors 1812

Choosing Electors 1816

Choosing Electors 1820

Choosing Electors 1824

Choosing Electors 1828

In 1820 James Monroe ran opposed for President as the Federalist Party failed to nominate a candidate. In the 1824 election all four of the candidates, John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, William Crawford and Henry Clay were members of the Democratic Republican Party. The party realized that it would be to their advantage to have just one candidate.

When Andrew Jackson lost the election of 1824 the Democratic Party was born on January 8, 1828. They decided to nominate Andrew Jackson for President in 1828 and they became unified behind one candidate.

The 1832 Democratic National Convention was held from May 21 to May 23, 1832, in Baltimore, Maryland. In the first presidential nominating convention ever held by the Democratic Party, incumbent President Andrew Jackson was nominated for a second term, while former Secretary of State Martin Van Buren was nominated for vice president.

The Whig Party was a political party active in the middle of the 19th century in the United States. ... The Whigs emerged in the 1830s in opposition to President Andrew Jackson, pulling together former members of the National Republican Party, the Anti-Masonic Party, and disaffected Democrats.

Gilbert Stuart's 1796 oil on canvas portrait of George Washington is pictured. | AP Photo

In 1789, the person with the most votes became president; the runner-up became vice president.

First election for president held, Jan. 7, 1789

In 1789, the person with the most votes became president; the runner-up became vice president.

First election for president held, Jan. 7, 1789

On this day in 1789, the United States held its first presidential election, in accordance with procedures set out in the Constitution, which had crossed the ratification barrier of nine states in 1788.

With George Washington’s presidency ensured, the one issue was who would serve as vice president. Under the system in place, each elector cast two votes. The person with the most votes became president; the runner-up became vice president.

All 69 electors cast one of their votes for Washington. Their second votes were scattered among 11 candidates. John Adams of Massachusetts, who received 36 votes, emerged as vice president. Nobody else came close. With seven, John Jay of New York got the most votes of the remaining contenders.

The 12th Amendment, ratified in 1804, changed this procedure. It requires each elector to cast a separate vote for president and vice president.

Ten states of the original 13 sent delegates to the Electoral College. Only six chose their electors on the basis of the popular vote. Even those who did imposed a varied schedule of restrictions on suffrage, based on minimum property requirements.

All in all, fewer than 1½ percent of the non slave  population — about 2.4 million people at the time — cast ballots.

The 1824 presidential election was the first election in American history in which the popular vote mattered, as 18 states chose presidential electors by popular vote in 1824 (six states still left the choice up to their state legislatures).

Since the New York Legislature failed to appoint its allotted eight electors in time, that state did not participate. Neither did North Carolina or Rhode Island. Two electors from Maryland did not vote.

For the first presidential election, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania and Virginia each cast 10 electoral votes. Connecticut and South Carolina followed with seven votes apiece. New Jersey and Maryland were each allocated six votes. Georgia garnered five, and tiny Delaware trailed the rest with merely three — the same number it holds today.

The Preamble to the Constitution states "We the People of the united States" but should have read "We the People of the several states". The Constitution was not ratified by the people collectively, it was ratified by the people in each of the 13 states,

Many people fail to recognize that the united States is not a country, it is a union of sovereign states. Delegates of the states wrote the Constitution and the people of the states ratified it.

When we elect a President, the winning candidate is not chosen by the popular vote of the people, but is chosen by states. This system guarantees that each state will be represented in the selection based on their population.

If we were to abolish the Electoral College we would create a democracy and would eliminate the checks and balances that protect the people from the tyranny of a majority. 

The direct election of senators authorized by the 17th Amendment  turned our bicameral Congress into a unicameral legislature with two houses representing the same constituency. What this amendment did was convert our republic into a democracy.

Article V in the Constitution mandates that under no circumstances can a state be deprived of its equal suffrage in the senate without their consent. There are currently seven states that have not ratified the 17th Amendment and are not obligated to comply with this amendment that deprives them of their right to equal suffrage in the senate..

Last updated  2021/06/11 15:42:42 PDTHits  91