16 - Unequal Reoresentation
The Online Professor Keith Broaders
 

The Supreme Court has ruled that every person must be equally represented and the 1,330,608 people in New Hampshire have one representative for every 3,327 people while the people of California has one representative for every 489,310.

Neither Congress nor the Supreme Court has the authority to dictate to the states the size of their legislative districts.

Average District Size
California          702,905
Texas                 698,488
New York           717,707
Florida                696,345
Illinois                712,812
Pennsylvania      705,688
Ohio                    721,832
Michigan            684,545
Georgia              691975
North Carolina   733,499
New Jersey        732,658
Virginia              727,366
Washington        672,454
Massachusetts      727,514
Indiana                 728,422
Arizona                710,224
Tennessee             705,123
Missouri               748,616
Maryland              721,694
Wisconsin             721,694
Minnesota             662,991
Colorado               718,456
Alabama               682,819
South Carolina      660,766
Louisiana              755,562
Kentucky              867,873
Oregon                 766,215
Oklahoma             750,270
Connecticut           714,819
Iowa                      609,271
Mississippi            741,924
Arkansas               728,980
Kansas                  713,280
Utah                      690,964
Nevada                 675,138
New Mexico         686,393
West Virginia        617,665
Nebraska               608,780
Idaho                     783,791
Hawaii                   680,151
Maine                    644,181
New Hampshire     673,085
Rhode Island          526.000
Montana                 989,000
Delaware                897,000
South Dakota          814,180
Alaska                     710,231
North Dakota          672,231
Vermont                  625,741
Wyoming               563,626
By Population
California 37,253,956
Texas 25,145,561
New York                 19,378,102
Florida 18,801,310
Illinois 12,830,632
Pennsylvania 12,702,379
Ohio 11,536,504
Michigan 9,883,640
Georgia 9,687,653
North Carolina 9,535,483
New Jersey 8,791,894
Virginia 8,001,024
Washington 6,724,540
Massachusetts 6,547,629
Indiana 6,483,802
Arizona 6,392,017
Tennessee 6,346,105
Missouri 5,988,927
Maryland 5,773,552
Wisconsin 5,686,986
Minnesota 5,303,925
Colorado 5,029,196
Alabama 4,779,736
South Carolina 4,625,364
Louisiana 4,533,372
Kentucky 4,339,367
Oregon 3,831,074
Oklahoma 3,751,351
Connecticut 3,574,097
Iowa 3,046,355
Mississippi 2,967,297
Arkansas 2,915,918
Kansas 2,853,118
Utah 2,763,885
Nevada 2,700,551
New Mexico 2,059,179
West Virginia 1,852,994
Nebraska 1,826,341
Idaho 1,567,582
Hawaii 1,360,301
Maine 1,328,361
New Hampshire 1,316,470
Rhode Island 1,052,567
Montana 989,415
Delaware 897,934
South Dakota 814,180
Alaska 710,231
North Dakota 672,591
Vermont 625,741
Wyoming 563,626

In order for each persons vote to be equally counted each state must be equally represented and the current discrepancy in the size of Congressional Districts violates the principle of equal representation. The purpose of the census was to guarantee that each states representation in the House of Representatives would remain equal. As the population of the states grew the number of their representatives would grow proportionately.

Last updated  2020/09/24 09:33:50 PDTHits  67