mayflower Mr Owens
Mayflower High School Head of Modern Languages

Year 8:-

Telling the time in Spanish

«¿Qué hora es?» (=What time is it?)

Telling the time in Spanish is very easy. Of course, you do need to know the numbers in Spanish from one to twenty-nine! Look at the examples given below.
*Note that any time involving one o’clock (highlighted in bold letters in the examples below) is written and said in a slightly different way to the others.

2.00 son las dos
6.00 son las seis
11.00 son las once
1.00 es la una
4.15 son las cuatro y cuarto
7.15 son las siete y cuarto
3.15 son las tres y cuarto
1.15 es la una y cuarto
5.30 son las cinco y media
9.30 son las nueve y media
12.30 son las doce y media
1.30 es la una y media
*7.45 son las ocho menos cuarto
*9.45 son las diez menos cuarto
*1.45 son las dos menos cuarto
*12.45 es la una menos cuarto

*Note how 7.45 etc. can be deceptive. The Spanish translation is “son las ocho menos cuarto” which actually means “it’s eight o’clock minus a quarter”, i.e. a quarter to EIGHT.

The minutes (5 past/20 to/etc.) are easy to say in Spanish.
Up to “half past” you add “y cinco/y diez/y veinte/y veinticinco/y veintiocho etc.”.
After the half hour, you have to say what the next hour is going to be “menos cinco/menos diez/menos veinte/menos veinticinco/menos veintiocho etc”.
Look at the examples below.
11.05 son las once y cinco
10.40 son las once menos veinte
3.24 son las tres y veinticuatro
4.55 son las cinco menos cinco
1.12 es la una y doce
9.48 son las diez menos doce
6.29 son las seis y veintinueve
12.42 es la una menos dieciocho

Year 9:-

HOLIDAY SPANISH - some phrases that might be of use if and when you go to Spain!

Lo siento = I’m sorry
Perdón = Excuse me/Sorry
Soy inglés/inglesa = I’m English
No hablo mucho español = I don’t speak much Spanish
No entiendo/No comprendo = I don’t understand
¿Cómo se dice esto en español? = How do you say this in Spanish?
Hable más despacio, por favor = Speak more slowly, please
¿Me lo puede repetir, por favor? = Could you say that again, please?
Por favor = Please
Muchas gracias = Thanks very much
Hasta luego = Bye
¿Vende periódicos ingleses? = Do you sell English papers?
¿Cuánto cuesta esto? = How much does this cost?
¿Cuánto cuestan estos? = How much do these cost?
¿Dónde puedo comprar sellos? = Where can I buy stamps?
¿Hay una farmacia por aquí? = Is there a chemist’s around here?
¿Por dónde se va a la playa? = Which way is it to the beach?
Quisiera dos billetes a ... = I’d like two tickets to ...*transport
Quisiera dos entradas para ... = I’d like two tickets for ... *entertainment
Mi llave, por favor = Could I have the key to my room, please?
He perdido mi llave = I’ve lost my key
Lo siento pero mi llave está en mi habitación = I’m sorry but my key’s in my room
La luz no funciona = The light isn’t working
La carta, por favor = Could I see the menu, please?
Una mesa para cinco, por favor = A table for five, please
¿Cuánto cuesta la paella? = How much does the paella cost?
Dos cervezas, por favor = Could I have two beers, please?
La cuenta, por favor = Could you bring us the bill, please?
Creo que está mal la cuenta = I think the bill is wrong
¿Los servicios, por favor? = Can you tell me where the toilets are, please?

Year 10:-

There's no getting away from the fact that vocabulary learning is essential if you want to progress in the study of a foreign language. Below you have a series of vocabulary lists - each one is on a topic and has five words. Set yourself the task of learning one list per night. Of course, you'll have to work out or find out the English meaning!

1. Transporte a. avión b. bicicleta c. autobús d. coche e. metro

2. El salón a. sofá b. mesilla c. ventana d. moqueta e. puerta

3. Pasatiempos a. tenis b. cine c. ordenadores d. juegos e. puenting

4. Uniforme a. chaqueta b. corbata c. falda d. escudo e. pantalón

5. Tiendas a. farmacia b. carnicería c. supermercado d. gasolinera e. peluquería

6. Trabajos a. dentista b. fontanero c. electricista d. abogado e. mecánico

7. El dormitorio a. despertador b. mesa c. armario d. cama e. poster

8. Turismo a. palacio b. playa c. albergue juvenil d. castillo e. museo

9. De compras a. mantequilla b. azúcar c. huevos d. papel higiénico e. dentífrico

10. Televisión a. cámara b. programa c. presentador d. concurso e. telenovela

11. Descripciones a. enfadado b. abierto c. cansado d. cerrado e. contento

12. Lectura a. leer b. periódico c. libro d. revista e. folleto

13. Personas importantes a. rey b. primer ministro c. reina d. actor e. actriz

14. De compras a. fruta b. sellos c. verduras d. alubias e. pilas

15. Navidad a. regalo b. Santa Claus c. Nochebuena d. villancico e. Reyes Magos

16. Números a. mil b. veinte c. cien d. un millón e. doscientos

17. Ordenadores a. monitor b. navegar c. ratón d. Internet e. disquete

18. El parque a. hierba b. jugar c. columpios d. niños e. árbol

19. Instrumentos a. violín b. guitarra c. piano d. batería e. tocar

20. El cuerpo a. cabeza b. pierna c. brazo d. mano e. pie

21. Trabajos a. socorrista b. entrenador c. alcalde d. taxista e. lechero

22. Correos a. mandar b. sello c. paquete d. sobre e. cartero

23. Animales a. gato b. ratón c. conejo d. pez e. perro

24. El jardín a. flor b. planta c. hierba d. arbusto e. árbol

25. La cabeza a. pelo b. nariz c. ojo d. boca e. oreja

26. Colores a. azul b. blanco c. rojo d. verde e. negro

27. Comida a. pan b. carne c. helado d. manzana e. jamón

28. Familia a. tío b. primo c. abuela d. sobrino e. cuñado

29. Idiomas a. inglés b. español c. francés d. alemán e. italiano

30. Descripciones a. pequeño b. simpático c. grande d. barato e. caro

Year 11:-

Put some effort into learning vocabulary. Click on the GCSE Vocabulary guide below.


Prepared Oral Topic: advice to candidates

For this unit, you must research a topic dealing with an aspect of culture or society in a Spanish-speaking country. You present the topic for 1-2 minutes, then discuss it with the examiner for 9—11 minutes.

Before the exam, you give the examiner a list of 5—10 headings, in Spanish, indicating the aspects of the topic which you wish to discuss. You are allowed to take a copy of this list into the exam room with you for reference.

This unit is marked out of 60:
— 20 marks for Quality of Language
— 20 marks for Response
— 20 marks for Knowledge and Understanding

This can help you to plan your presentation and prepare for the discussion.

Look at each of the three aspects in turn:-

Quality of Language
When preparing for the exam, think hard about the vocabulary you use. Make sure you include as many specialised words as possible, and be prepared to give specific examples to illustrate any point you make. This will show a broad range of vocabulary. Try not to repeat yourself. Remember you are trying to show the examiner how much Spanish you know.

Think about the structures you use, and try to prepare more complex sentences if you can. Your answers to unpredictable questions will probably be in quite simple Spanish, so make sure that your answers to predictable ones and your presentation are in more ambitious language.

Work on your pronunciation and intonation. Listen to any recorded material on the topic over and over again, and practise repeating key phrases. Talk to yourself about the topic as much as possible.

Key phrases to include:
— Hoy en día, …
— Creo que es importante decir que …
— Es esencial que … [= subjunctive]
— Muchas personas creen que …
— Mi opinion personal es que …
— Los expertos dicen que …

Remember that after the first couple of minutes, this is a discussion. However, the examiner’s questions are intended as prompts — you should be doing most of the talking. Do not just answer a question with one short phrase or sentence — treat it as an invitation to speak about that aspect of the topic for a minute or two. This is what is meant by ‘independent discourse’ in the mark grid.

As part of your preparation, work out for yourself the most likely questions for each of your 5—10 headings. You can then prepare and learn detailed answers to all of them.

Do not forget that you can ask the examiner questions. This is often a good way of leading the discussion in a particular direction:
— ¿Qué cree usted?
— ¿No cree usted que …?
— Me imagino que estará de acuerdo conmigo en esto, ¿verdad?

If you do not understand a question, it’s better to ask the examiner to rephrase it rather than sit in silence or risk a wrong answer:
— Lo siento pero no he entendido bien la pregunta.
— Lo siento mucho pero no sé qué significa la palabra … .

If you need time to work out what to say, the following initial responses can be useful:
— Sí, es una pregunta interesante.
— Es un tema bastante complicado.
— Bueno, la verdad es que necesitaría pensármelo muy bien antes de contestar.

Don’t forget that you can include several possibilities in your answer. Use expressions like these:

— Tal vez
— Quizás
A lo mejor
— Por una parte …. , pero por otra parte …
— Hay que considerar todas las posibilidades

Knowledge and Understanding
You must make sure that you research your topic thoroughly, so that you can give factual information as well as opinions.

Choose a topic where you have access to plenty of information in Spanish. Make sure that there are several different aspects of it which you can deal with in turn. Your initial presentation should refer to most of the aspects and include as much factual information as possible.

Refer to your research when you answer the examiner~ s questions:
— He leído que …
— Leí un artículo en el cual el autor decía que …
— Encontré información sobre este tema en Internet

If you genuinely cannot answer a question, be honest and say so - do not waffle! The examiner will then move on quickly to something different:
— Desafortunadamente, no sé nada sobre este tema.
— Lo siento pero sé muy poco sobre este tema.
— Disculpe, pero la verdad es que no sé contestar sobre este asunto.

Model answer plan

“La comida en España”

Key aspects of the topic might be:

— platos típicos de España
— las comidas y la vida familiar
— la dieta mediterránea
— los jóvenes y la comida
— el vegetarianismo en España

My Quia activities and quizzes
Food and Drink
Games based on Spanish vocab for food and drink
Useful links
Last updated  2008/09/28 09:21:20 PDTHits  451