norwellsteedman Mr. Steedman
Norwell High School History
Welcome to Mr. Steedman's World History II Homepage!

10th Grade World History

Mr. Peter Steedman

Welcome to 10th grade World History!  The Social Studies Department at Norwell believes that students and educators have a responsibility to learn and reflect upon the significant lessons of history.  We will do more than simply prepare you to pass the MCAS exam.  More importantly, we will explore the decisions made by men and women in the past three centuries and their impact on the development of the human experience.  You will continue to work hard, think critically and learn with and from your peers.  If you have any questions, please feel free to see me after class.  You may also e-mail me with any questions or concerns.  Get ready for a great year!

Modern World History by Jackson J. Spielvogel (1999)

Classroom expectations: 
Each student must have a three ring binder as a notebook for this class.  You must bring this to class every day, along with a pen or a pencil.  You will be held Responsible for taking notes in class every day.  If you miss a day, it is your responsibility to barrow someone’s class notes from the class you missed.  You will have one day for every day missed to make up any late assignments.  You must complete the Reading every day!  You must also treat your peers and teachers with Respect.  Discriminative remarks about race, gender or sexual preference will not be tolerated.  Those students who do not create a safe environment for their peers will be asked to leave the room.

Students will be asked to complete a variety of graded assignments.  Examples include Quizzes, Chapter Tests, In-class Essays, Map Tests, Projects and Research Papers.  Notes will also be graded at random throughout the year.

Grade Breakdown: 

The Age of Revolutionary Change (1750 to 1914)

a. Absolute monarchies and constitutional governments

·Scale of armies and economy demand centralized administrations
·Theory and practice of divine right monarchy: Louis XIV at Versailles
·Russia and Prussia; Peter the Great and Catherine the Great; Frederick the Great
·England: 17th century revolution; Stuart kings lose power to Parliament
·The "Glorious Revolution" of 1688-89; English Bill of Rights

b. The Scientific Revolution; earlier discoveries; new "laws" of nature

·Prior advances in theory: Copernicus, Bacon, Galileo, Descartes, Newton
·Technological advances; microscopes, telescopes, laboratory equipment
·Spread of knowledge; advances in publishing since Gutenberg
·Patronage of scientists; royal science societies of Europe
·New faiths in scientific observation, reason, laws of nature, harmony, progress; the Newtonian view of the universe as peaceful, balanced, predictable

c. The Enlightenment in Europe and America

·Ideas of "natural laws" in politics and economics; Hobbes, Locke, Adam Smith
·The "Philosophes" in France; Voltaire, Rousseau; the salon and roles of women
·Neo-classicism in music, art, and architecture; harmony, balance, restraint
·Negative effects of the Enlightenment on older, traditional faiths and religion
·New religious currents; Deists, Quakers, Methodists

d. Origins, stages, and consequences of the American and French Revolutions 

·Anglo-American political heritage and experience
·Leaders and stages of the American Revolution; constitutional settlement
·In contrast: causes, setting, and factions of the French Revolution; class and religious hatreds; economic crises; foreign invasions; Terror and Thermidor
·The call for order; Napoleon: the first modern-style dictator?
·Lasting world wide effects of the two revolutions: universal drives to national independence, liberty, political democracy, social and economic justice

e. Latin America; wars for independence; economic and social stratification

·Haitian revolution; Toussaint L'Ouverture; Napoleon abandons the Americas
·Colombia and Venezuela; Simon Bolivar the "Liberator"
·Argentina, Chile, Mexico: San Martin, O'Higgins, Hidalgo, Morelos
·Abiding power of church, landlords, caudillos, racial and social inequalities
·19th century shift to cash, export crops; growth of commerce and cities
·The Mexican Revolution, 1910-20: Madero, Zapata, Obregon

f. Agricultural and Industrial Revolution in the Western world 

·Rural preconditions in England and Europe; the enclosure movement
·Inventions, technological advances; steam, factory and mining machinery, machine tools, canals, roads and railroads
·Transformation of daily life for men, women, and children in conditions of work, housing, diet, health, illness, and old age
·Class changes: new upper-middle class of industrialists, bankers, merchants; new factory working masses, the "proletariat"
·Resistance to industrialization and its effects; landed gentry, Luddites, Romantics

g. Cities and urban life of the 19th century

·Factory city: Manchester, Lowell; growing metropolis: London, Paris, New York
·Tenements crowded, cold, damp, dark; dirty streets and water; disease, crime
·Toward public health and modernization; water, sewers, lights, parks, police
·Contrasting conditions among social classes; housing, education, recreation
·Leadership of women in social services; Florence Nightingale, Jane Addams
·Subjects for Romantics and Realists; Wordsworth, Delacroix, Dickens, Daumier

h. Democratic and social reform in Europe; evolutions and revolutions

·19th century ideologies and social movements: Liberalism, Conservatism, radical republicanism, socialism, Marxism, labor unionism, social democracy
·Europe-wide revolutions in 1848; failed, from classes and ideologies in conflict
·Irish famine, German revolutions, Russian pogroms, poverty in Southern and Eastern Europe press millions to emigrate to the United States and Canada
·Czarist emancipation of Russian serfs, 1861, with access to land
·Universal manhood suffrage common by 1900
·Struggle for women's rights; the suffragettes; the Pankhursts in England
·Legalization of unions and strikes, social legislation for workers in Germany, England, and Scandinavia--in contrast to France, Italy, Russia, United States

i. Rising European nationalism; motives for new European imperialism

·Unification of Italy; of Germany: Bismarck and the policy of "Blood and Iron"
·Nationalist agitation and violence in Eastern Europe and the Balkans
·Imperialist ideology: national pride, military power, profits, Social Darwinism
·European colonialism and growing rivalries in Africa, Asia, the Middle East
·Imperialism's consequences for both the colonized and the colonizers

j. Chinese resistance to colonialism; the Chinese Revolution

·Defeat and humiliation in the Opium War
·The Taiping Rebellion; egalitarian, anti-Manchu, anti-foreign
·Defeat and humiliation in Sino-Japanese War, 1894-95
·Sun Yat-sen; campaign for national unity, democracy, economic security
·1911 Nationalist revolution ends the Manchu dynasty; fails to unite China

k. Japan's modernization and rise to world power

·Commodore Perry "opens" Japan in the 1850s
·The Meiji "Restoration": the drive to modern industry
·New army and constitution based on German imperial model
·The urbanization of Japan; government-business corporatism
·Russo-Japanese War; the first Asian victory over a European power
·The Emperor as the nation's unifying figure and head of government

l. Dawn of the 20th century; Western optimism and counter-currents

·Measurable progress in medicine, health, infant survival, life expectancy
·Progress and promises of science and technology for easing human labor
·Progress in living standards: diet, clothing, public schools, recreation
·Progress of democracy, social reform, peace efforts; the Hague Tribunal
·Optimism: Enlightenment faith in reason, education, possibility of human harmony still dominant, alongside continuing religious practice and tradition
·The dark side: abiding destitution, disease, imperial clashes, armaments races, terrorism and assassinations; the Armenian genocide
·Dark visions of human nature: Dostoyevsky, Chekhov, Ibsen, Nietzsche, Freud

The World in the Era of Great Wars (1900 to 1945
a. Causes, military course, and consequences of World War I

·Balkan nationalism; Sarajevo; Franz Ferdinand assassinated; the Black Hand
·Long-range causes; national fears, memories, and interests; alliances, arms races, economic and imperialist rivalries; the military dominates "autocrats" in Vienna, Berlin, and St. Petersburg
·Geography and the new technologies of war; the grandiose plans for victory
·Failure of all plans; stalemate at the Marne; trench warfare of attrition ensues
·Total war; slaughter of a generation; trauma on the home front
·Memoirs, poetry, novels; Owen, Graves, Vera Brittain, Remarque

b. The Russian Revolutions of 1917; ideas and practices of the Bolsheviks

·Russian humiliation in Japanese war; revolution of 1905; the Duma
·Defeat, carnage, economic and political disability during World War I
·Spring revolution of 1917; moderate leaders caught between Right and Left
·Bolshevik revolution of October; Russian Marxism; Lenin promises "bread, peace, land" and freedom for the Baltic states
·January 1918; crushing of elected assembly; armed dictatorship of Communist party; civil war; emergence of terror

c. Paris Conference, Versailles Treaty; aims and conflicts of divided allies

·American army and economic support of the Allies; Woodrow Wilson's 14 Points
·Brief Allied intervention against Bolsheviks in the Russian civil war
·American, British, and French in conflict at Paris: fears, wants, and interests
·Treaty of Versailles; promises, problems, consequences; historians' debates
·The struggle over the League of Nations, in Paris and Washington
·Geography and politics; new, exhausted nations in Eastern and Central Europe


d. After-effects of war and colonialism, West and East

·Economic supremacy passes to the United States; economic instability and social unrest throughout Europe; legacies of war: widows, orphans, the disabled
·Weimar Republic; weak democracy; defeat and inflation drain morale
·1920s culture of disillusion; Brecht, Grosz; Berlin of the 1920's
·Colonial rebellions in the Middle East, North Africa, South Africa
·China: Kuomintang vs. Communists, Chiang Kai-shek; Indo-China: Ho Chi Minh
·Indian nationalism; the Congress party; Gandhi; Muslim Pakistan

e. The Great Depression: causes and worldwide consequences

·The effects of prolonged war; dislocation of trade, investment; war debts
·United States stock market crash of 1929 opens a widening crisis
·Different policies of democracies: British retrenchment; American New Deal; French Popular Front; German inflation/depression assault working and middle classes
·Mass unemployment; despair, family breakdowns, postwar burdens on women
·Depression-era arts, literature: Kollwitz, Shahn, Lange, Orwell, Steinbeck; popular culture: radio, movies, spectator sports, dance
·Stagnation and destitution in non-industrial societies

f. International Communism; Leninist/Stalinist totalitarianism in Russia

·Lenin and the Third International; doctrine of violent world revolution
·World leftist parties and labor both divided by internal communist/socialist conflict
·In the Soviet Union, Stalin takes power; forced industrialization; agriculture collectivized; "liquidation" of kulak farmers
·Stalinist terror and mass purges of the 1930s; Siberia and the Gulags

g. International Fascism; Italy, Spain, Nazi totalitarianism in Germany 
·Fear of the left drives many to choose fascism as "lesser evil"
·Mussolini imposes one-party military dictatorship of Italy
·Franco and army attack Spanish Republic; Civil War; Picasso's Guernica
·German democrats, socialists, trade unions divided, demoralized by depression; rightists and nationalists open Hitler's way to power, 1933
·Hitler and Nazis promise to restore German prosperity, power, and pride
·German Nazism; economic control; one-party terror; anti-Semitism, pogroms, concentration and death camps

h. Liberal democracies in danger; economic, social, political crises

·Continuing depression socially demoralizing; joblessness, poor diet and health, class resentments in Britain
·In France, labor violence, right/left street riots; apparent failure of democratic parties pushes voters to parties of left and right
·Abiding disillusion, distrust of leaders blamed for catastrophes of 1914-18
·British and French drift apart since Paris Conference: quarrels over military cooperation, over treatment of Germany, Italy, Spain, League of Nations

i. Origins and responsibilities for World War II in Europe and Asia 
·Programs of conquest in Tokyo, Rome, Berlin
·Democracies' failure to use League of Nations; Manchuria, Ethiopia
·Hitler's violations of Versailles unanswered: re-armament, seizure of Austria, Munich crisis and seizure of Czechoslovakia
·Appeasement's roots: trauma of World War; domestic distractions; distrust of military, fear of communism; fear of inflation; disbelief in Hitler's intentions
·The turn to war: Hitler's invasion of Poland; Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
·The Allies, Churchill and Roosevelt; the Atlantic Charter

j. World War II: geography, leaders, military factors; turning points

·Nazis take Poland, Low Countries, Norway; fall of France; Japanese sweep through Southeast Asia, Philippines
·Life in Nazified Europe; deportation of Jews; resistance movements distract German military; German resistance: among some churchmen; the officers' plot
·Turning-points: battles of Britain and the Atlantic, El Alamein, Stalingrad, Leningrad, the Normandy invasion, air superiority
·Victory in the Pacific; Midway, the relentless, sanguinary island campaigns; Leyte Gulf, the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

k. The human toll of 20th century wars and genocides; the Holocaust 
·The Armenian genocides, mid-1890s and 1915
·World War I: 20 million soldier and civilian deaths; 20 million more from flu
·World War II: new weapons and disease, scale of fighting in Russia and Asia bring soldier and civilian deaths near 40 million; first use of atomic bomb
·The Holocaust; Nazi racism and eugenics; the Warsaw ghetto; mass plunder and destruction of European Jews; postwar Nuremberg trials

The World from 1945 to the Present

a. Origins of the Cold War; the divided victors of World War II

·Communism replaces fascism as main world rival of democracy and economic freedom
·Yalta and Potsdam agreements reflect end-of-war troop deployment; Soviets eliminate non-communist parties in their zones of occupation
·Communist threats to Greece and Turkey; the Truman Doctrine
·The "Iron Curtain" comes down as Soviet regimes are installed in Central and Eastern Europe; mass Communist parties in France and Italy

b. Rebuilding and reform in postwar Europe and Japan 
·Post-World War I American policies reversed; the United Nations; Marshall Plan; NATO military alliance; military preparedness at home
·Economic recovery leads to political stability in Western Europe; first steps to European union; Monnet, Adenauer, de Gaulle
·Reconstruction and a new constitution for Japan
·Struggles for democracy in the Philippines and India

c. New nations in Africa and Asia; the end of European colonialism

·European authority dissolves in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East
·Leaders and conditions in the new nations: India; Gandhi and the Nehrus; Muslim Pakistan; Indonesia; economic straits; religious wars
·Ghana's independence leads the way for new African nations constructed, often constricted, along boundaries of former European colonies
·Creation of Israel; Israeli-Arab wars; Arab refugees; Golda Meir

d. Cold War in Europe: Marshall Plan, NATO, Iron Curtain, Warsaw Pact
·Czech Communist coup
·Berlin blockade, American-led airlift and the Wall
·Polish, Hungarian, and Czech revolts crushed by Soviet forces, 1956-1968
·Spread of nuclear weapons; the "balance of terror"
·The Cuban missile crisis; Kennedy and Kruschchev

e. Cold War in Asia: Chinese Communist Revolution, wars in Korea and Vietnam 
·Maoism triumphant in China, 1949; Nationalists pushed to Taiwan
·Invasion of South Korea by Communist North; Americans fight Korean War; intervention by Chinese ends in stalemate between North and South Korea
·The Vietnam War; massive American effort; losses, defeat, and withdrawal

f. East/West duels for the non-aligned; Asia, Africa, and South America 
·Soviet campaigns for communist influence in developing societies
·American military and economic aid to anti-communist parties and regimes
·Covert operations of both sides; case studies of Iran, Chile, Central America

g. The Soviet Empire collapses; post-Cold War locales of disorder

·Soviet economic failures; pressures of arms race with the United States
·Economic superiority of Western Europe erodes Soviet authority in East; modern media penetrate closed borders
·Resistance and new leaders: in Poland, Lech Walesa, the church, and the unions; in Czechoslovakia, Vaclav Havel
·Gorbachev; glasnost; the reunification of Germany
·Russia's struggle for democracy and free economic development; emergence of organized crime

h. Persistent nationalism; militarism; conflicts of race, religion, and ethnicity 

·The Middle East; religion, oil, dictatorships; the Gulf War
·Collapse of Yugoslavia into civil wars, "ethnic cleansing"; the Dayton accords
·Civil wars and genocide in Rwanda and Zaire
·New forms of terrorism; continued arms races; proliferation of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons
·American, Russian steps toward reduction of nuclear arms

i. Democracy and human rights; advances and retreats since 1945

·Universal Declaration of Human Rights; role of Eleanor Roosevelt
·A divided United Nations; economic and humanitarian achievements and their limits; peacekeeping efforts lost and won; case study of Crete
·Expansion of women's rights and responsibilities; near-universal suffrage; women legislators and prime ministers, East and West
·Contrasting cases: South Africa; de Klerk and Nelson Mandela; China: militarism, persecution of neighbors and dissenters; prison labor
·Democratic gains and continuing struggles; Eastern Europe, South Asia, Russia, Central and South America, the Caribbean

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Last updated  2008/09/28 11:35:35 PDTHits  2579