pronomin
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Pronouns

(Ubiquitous synonymous imposer?)

Pronoun from the Latin pronômen, -înis. As by M. Terentius Varro.

"...a word belonging to one of the major form clases ... that is used as a substitute for a noun or noun equivalent, takes noun constructions and is declined, refers to person or things named, asked for, or understood in the context, and has little or no fixed meaning except one of relations or limitation" [Webster's Third New International Dictionary, 1968, p. 1816.]

Types of pronouns

1. Personal pronouns
2. Reflexive pronouns
3. Interrogative pronouns
4. Demonstrative pronouns
5. Possessive pronouns
6. Relative pronouns
7. Indefinite pronouns
8. Intensive


Personal Pronoun

A personal pronoun takes the place of a noun of person, place or thing.
E.g. She is pretty. They enjoyed it. Listen to me. It is a pretty country.

In Latin we have the personal pronouns ego, tu, is, ea, id, nôs, vôs, eî,eae, and ea. These are for the pronouns used as subjects (nominative case.)

Caveat. Where English uses ‘it,' the Latin uses the form that matches the noun replaced (the Antecedent,) in gender, and case. The function (use) of the pronoun determines the case.

Complications. When the personal pronoun is used as an objects, the case varies depending on the exact function.


              Personal pronouns

Subjective             Objective
Person  Nom    Gen    Dat    Acc    Abl
                   Singular
1           ego     meî     mihi    mê      mê  
2           tu        tuî      tibi      tê       tê
3m         is        eius     eî       eum    eô
3f          ea        eius     eî       eam    eô
3n          id        eius     eî       id       eô
                   Plural
1           nôs      nostrî  nôbis   nôs   nôbis
2           vôs      vestrî  vôbîs   vôs   vôbîs
3m          eî       eôrum   eîs     eôs   eîs
3f          eae      eârum   eîs     eâs   eîs
3n          ea       eôrum   eîs     ea    eîs
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Last updated  2008/09/28 01:42:36 PDTHits  239