VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
PS.7 The student will investigate and understand temperature scales, heat, and heat transfer. Key
a) Celsius and Kelvin temperature scales and absolute zero;
b) phase change, freezing point, melting point, boiling point, vaporization, and condensation;
c) conduction, convection, and radiation; and
d) applications of heat transfer (heat engines, thermostats, refrigeration, and heat pumps).
Science Standards of Learning Virginia Department of Education