roundup Ms. Scribo
Creekside Elementary  
ROOT ROUND-UP
 Have you forgotten the meaning of a root?  Don't know the English stem? Just check the Root Round-up!

Photos  Photos means lights.  The English stems are phot and phos . (photograph, telephoto, photometer, phototropic, photosynthesis, phosphorescent, photogenic...)

Graph  Graph comes from the Greek verb graphein. Graph means to write or draw.  The English stems are graph and gram. (photograph, phonograph, telegraph, graph, lithograph, graphite, autograph, phonogram, hologram, geography, mimeograph, calligraphy...)

Tele  Tele means far away or distant.  The English stem is tele.  (television, telephone, telegraph, telephoto, telescope, telepathy, telemetry...)

Metron  Metron means measure. The English stems are metr and meter.  (meter, geometry, optometry, symmetry, barometer, thermometer, diameter, centimeter, anemometer, perimeter, isometric, tachometer, odometer...)

Tropos   Tropos means turning.  The English stem is trop.  (tropics, phototropic, heliotrope, tropophilous, thermotropism, trophies, entropy...)

Philia  Philia means love or friendship.  The English stem is phil.  (philosopher, Philadelphia, philanthropist, phillumenist, philogynist, Anglophile, Francophile, Broncophile, philanthropy, philharmonic...)

Phobos  Phobos means fear.  The English stem is phob.  (phobia, agoraphobia, claustrophobia, phobic, hydrophobia....)

Syn   Syn is a prefix meaning with or together.  The English stems are syn, sym, syl, and sy.  (sympathy, symphony, synthesis, synthetic, photosynthesis, synonym, synagogue, synchronize, symbiosis, symbol, syllable, monosyllable, system, syncopation, syndicate, syndrome...)

Thesis Thesis comes from the Greek verb tithenaiThesis means put, place, or position.  The English stem is the.  (thesis, theme, parenthesis, sythetic, synthesizer, thesaurus, antithesis, hypothesis...)

Kinesis  Kinesis means movement.  The English stems are kine and cine.  (kinetic, kinesiology, kinescope, cinema, cinematographer, hydrokinetics, electrokinetics...)

Phone  Phone is a Greek root meaning sound.  The English stem is phon.  (phonograph, telephone, phonogram, euphony, symphony, megaphone, microphone, cacophony, phonetic, phonics, polyphonic...)

Sonus  Sonus is a Latin root meaning sound.  It comes from the Latin verb sonare.  The English stem is son or sound (sound, sonic, sonnet, sonovox, sonar, sonata, consonant, dissonant, resonance, ultrasound, sonograms, supersonic, transonic)

Skopeo Skopeo is a Greek root meaning to look at, inspect, consider, or examine. It comes from the Greek verb skopein.  The English stem is scope.  (scope, microscope, telescope, periscope, kaleidoscope, episcopal, kaleidoscope, microscopic, stethoscope)

Video, visum are Greek roots meaning to see.  They come from the Greek verb videre.  The English stems are vid and vis.  (television, videophone, video, evidence, advise, invisible, visage, vis a vis, visionary, visitation, visitor, visual, evident, provide, visor)

Logos  Logos is a Greek root meaning word or study.  The English stems are log, -logy, -logue.  (logic, geology, astrology, biology, zoology, technology, anthropology, psychology, monologue, genealogy, logical, illogical, logo, analogous, apologize)

Verbum  Verbum is a Latin root meaning word.  The English stem is verb. (verb, proverb, verbal, verbiage, verbose, verbatim, verbalize, adverb)

Nomen Nomen is a Latin root.  It means "name."  The English stem is nom. (nominate, nomination, nominal, nomenclature, denomination, ignominious, misnomer, nominee)

Prae Prae is a Latin root used in English as a prefix.  It means before or in front of.  The English stem is pre. (predict, preamble, precaution, prefer, pregnant, prejudice, precocious, prescription, prescribe, preventions...)

Ad Ad is a Latin root used in English as a prefix. It means to, toward, near, next to.  The English stem is also ad. (adequate, adhere, adjective, admire, admonish, admit, advertise, adjacent, advance, advise)  Sometimes, the "d" in ad has been assimilated with the letter of the main root word. Therefore we also have:  accept, aggressive, allege, announce and assert.

Pro When pro is added to a word it modifies the meaning.  Pro means for, before, forward, in place of.  There are many English words using this prefix. (Examples: profess, professional, problem, proboscis, prologue, proclaim, proceed, pronoun, promise, proficient, propulsion, procrastinate) In English, we also use the word "pro" when we mean "professional" in referring to "pro athletes" or those who earn money in sports.
Last updated  2008/09/28 07:28:53 PDTHits  607