Effective teaching tips
1. Brisk pacing.
2. Specific explanations and instructions for new concepts.
3. Allocated time for guided practice.
4. Cumulative review of skills being taught.
5. Regular and active interactions with individuals
6. Regular and varied assessments of learning new concepts.
7. Frequent and detailed feedback.
8. Varied forms of positive reinforcement.
9. Positive, predictable, and orderly learning environment.
10. Maintenance of student attention within and across
instructional activities and materials.
11. Reinforcement for task completion.
12. Appropriate selection of examples and nonexamples.
13. Consistent application of contingencies for rules and
14. Appropriate use of model/demonstrations.
15. Appropriate ue of behavioral rehearsal (role-plays)
16. Smooth transition within and between lessons.
17. High rates of correct student responding.
The Praise and Ignore Approach
Four guidelines for effective praise and ignore approach:
1. Remember that ignoring will not work unless the reason
for the student's behavior is to gain your attention.
Use an A-B-C analysis to determine this.
2. Remember that when an ignoring intervention is
successful, disruptive behavior will increase before
decreasing. Do not give up when students test to see if
you will give in and pay attention to their antics.
3. Develop ways in which other adults can distract you from
the student who is being disruptive so that you do not
find yourself giving the student attention. Let others
present know to ignore the student's disruptive
4. Be sure to praise the student for appropriate behaviors.
Ignoring without praise will not work- it's
merely "going cold turkey."
**Consider the "peak" of this extinction curve before you
begin this strategy. If you will not be able to tolerate
(ignore) the behavior as it accelerates, select a
Guidelines for tutor training:
1. Pinpoint the task and analze it before you begin.
2. Collect all needed materials.
3. Explain the goal of tutoring to the tutor.
4. Explain the task to the tutor, as much as you think is needed.
5. Instruct the tutor in the use of the materials.
6. Explain how the data are to be collected.
7. Role-play the actual tutoring procedures with the tutor.
a. Model the teaching and the feedback/praise
with the tutor and the target student.
b. Ask the tutor to try being the student for a
couple of steps.
c. Provide feedback to the tutor.
d. Role-play some problems the tutor may encounter.
e. If needed, train the tutor to use particular
phrases to reinforce the student.
f. Provide the tutor with sample data and have her
g. Meet with the tutor before the first session to
review the procedures.
h. Meet daily after the tutoring session to review
i. Reinforce the tutor for her efforts.