stephenchapman Mrs. Corso
Xaverian Brothers High School English II
** Vocabulary Key for Stephen Chapman's "The Prisoner's Dilemma"  The list is posted in the following format:
Word         Synonym         Antonym         Definition Follows:

1. Islamic         N/A         N/A
the religious faith of Muslims including belief in      Allah as the sole deity and in Muhammad as his prophet

2. Moslem         N/A         N/A
Follower of Islam

3. Flogging Whipped N/A
to beat with or as if with a rod or whip

4. Barbaric Uncivilized Cultured
possessing or characteristic of a cultural level more complex than primitive savagery but less sophisticated than advanced civilization

5. Stave         Switch         N/A
any of the narrow strips of wood or narrow iron plates placed edge to edge to form the sides, covering, or lining of a vessel (as a barrel) or structure

6. Koranic         N/A         N/A
the book composed of sacred writings accepted by Muslims as revelations made to Muhammad by Allah through the angel Gabriel

7. Ayatollah N/A         N/A
a religious leader among Shiite Muslims -- used as a title of respect especially for one who is not an imam

8. Ta’zir         N/A         N/A
Arabic word for flogging

9. Hadd         N/A         N/A
Arabic for automatic or mandatory

10. Genteel         Urbane         UnCouth
having an aristocratic quality or flavor

11. Superfluous Excessive Crucial
exceeding what is sufficient or necessary

12. Flourish Augment/Amplify;Shrivel/subside
to grow luxuriantly, to achieve success

13. Grotesque Droll         Ordinary
departing markedly from the natural, the expected, or the typical

14. Sociopath Psychopath Mentally sound
a mentally ill or unstable person

15. Criminologists N/A         N/A
the scientific study of crime as a social phenomenon, of criminals, and of penal treatment

16. Retribution Payback         Penance
system of justice based on equal and opposition atonement: ie. Eye for an eye

17. Deterrence Penalty Reward
the act or process of deterring : as a : the inhibition of criminal behavior by fear especially of punishment

18. Rehabilitation Reinstate Deteriorate
to restore to a former capacity : to restore to good repute

19. Criminality Illegality Citizenship
the quality or state of being criminal, illegal

20. Stint         Allotment N/A
a period of time spent at a particular activity

21. Justified Just         Unfair
to prove or show to be just, right, or reasonable

22. Ostensible apparent disguised
being such in appearance : plausible rather than demonstrably true or real

23. Incarceration Imprisonment To set free
to put in prison

24. Penologist N/A         N/A
a branch of criminology dealing with prison management and the treatment of offenders

25. Wretch         Lowlife/mucker; Aristocrat
a miserable person : one who is profoundly unhappy or in great misfortune

26. Recidivism N/A         N/A
tendency to relapse into a previous condition or mode of behavior

27. Bizarre         Strange         normal
strikingly out of the ordinary

28. Due process N/A          N/A
a course of formal proceedings (as legal proceedings) carried out regularly and in accordance with established rules and principles

29. Ritualistic Ceremonial       Fundamentalist/
a movement or attitude stressing strict and literal adherence to a set of basic principles

30. Fundamentalism Essentialist Incidental-ist 
a movement or attitude stressing strict and literal adherence to a set of basic principles

31. Austere         Severe, Bleak Light-minded
stern and cold in appearance or manner

32. Smugness Priggish Humble
                        Self-complacent Modest
highly self-satisfied

33. Revulsion Abhorrence Alluring
a sudden or strong reaction or change b : a sense of utter distaste or repugnance

34. Sanctioned Approved Refused,
to give effective or authoritative approval or consent

35. Humanitarianism Philanthropist Misanthropist person promoting human welfare and social reform

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Last updated  2008/09/28 06:18:25 PDTHits  307