term3renal Mr. Schmidt
Summit Career College  
http://summitcollege.com
 
Kidney Function

KIDNEYS ARE ONE OF THE BODY'S CLEANING SYSTEMS. LIKE A WATER FILTER CLEANS WATER, THE KIDNEYS FILTER OUT THE WASTES, OR TOXINS, FROM THE BLOOD. THESE TOXINS, AS WELL AS EXCESS FLUID, ARE STORED IN THE BLADDER AND REMOVED FROM THE BODY AS URINE .

IN ADDITION TO REMOVING TOXINS AND FLUID, THE KIDNEYS MAINTAIN IMPORTANT CHEMICAL BALANCES (SUCH AS CALCIUM, PHOSPHORUS, AND POTASSIUM) AND PRODUCE SEVERAL HORMONES. THESE REGULATE BONE MINERALS, BLOOD PRESSURE, AND RED BLOOD CELL PRODUCTION.
AS YOU KNOW, THE KIDNEYS DO NOT ALWAYS WORK PROPERLY. SOMETIMES, AN INFECTION OR INJURY CAUSES THE KIDNEYS TO FAIL WITHOUT WARNING. THIS IS CALLED ACUTE RENAL FAILURE.

RENAL MEANS RELATING TO THE KIDNEYS. ACUTE RENAL FAILURE MAY BE REVERSIBLE AND THE KIDNEYS MAY START WORKING AGAIN.

OTHER FORMS OF KIDNEY DISEASE CAN CAUSE THE KIDNEYS TO FAIL PERMANENTLY. THIS IS CALLED CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE.

WHEN ONLY 10-15% OF KIDNEY FUNCTION IS LEFT, PATIENTS HAVE KIDNEY FAILURE OR END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE (ESRD). AT THIS POINT, A SUBSTITUTE FOR THE DAMAGED KIDNEYS MUST BE USED TO KEEP THE PATIENT ALIVE. THIS SUBSTITUTE IS EITHER DIALYSIS OR KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.

WHEN OTHER ORGANS SUCH AS THE LIVER OR HEART FAIL, THE ONLY TREATMENT OPTION TO HAVE SHOWN SUCCESS AT THIS TIME IS ORGAN TRANSPLANTION. WHILE PHARMACOLOGIC AND GENETIC RESEARCH MAY ONE DAY BRING FORTH NEW CHOICES, UNDOUBTABLY MANY YEARS WILL PASS BEFORE THESE PATIENTS CAN BE CONSIDERED "AS FORTUNATE" AS THOSE WITH RENAL FAILURE. HOWEVER, PEOPLE WHOSE KIDNEYS FAIL HAVE TWO TREATMENT OPTIONS AVAILABLE--DIALYSIS OR A KIDNEY TRANSPLANT. EITHER OPTION CAN HELP PATIENTS LIVE ACTIVE, PRODUCTIVE LIVES.
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Kidney Function
https://www.quia.com/jw/2910.html
Genitourinary System
https://www.quia.com/cb/2444.html
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Last updated  2008/09/28 05:18:04 PDTHits  358