usbenglish2 Norbella Miranda
Universidad de San Buenaventura English Professor
http://www.usb.edu.co
 
THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

I have lived in Cali since 1998.
I have lived in Cali for two years.

The present perfect expresses the idea that a situation began in the past and still exist in the present.  
The present perfect is used with SINCE and FOR to tell how long the situation has existed.  

SINCE is followed by a specific time:
since February (specific moth)
since nine o’clock (specific clock time)
since 1995 (specific year)

FOR is followed by a length of time:
for two moths (number of months)
for 30 minutes (length of clock time)
for two years (number of years)

AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES:

SUBJECT HAVE / HAS PAST PARTICIPLE OBJECT
I have known Tom for three years
She has lived In Japan since 1987.

NEGATIVE SENTENCES:

SUBJECT HAVE / HAS NOT P.P OBJECT
Luisa has        not been    In Europe yet.
I have        not visited      my family for a long time.


YES / NO QUESTIONS:

HAVE / HAS SUBJECT     P.P. OBJECT
Have         you    traveled abroad?
Has     your mother    treated you as a baby?


WH-QUESTIONS

Wh- WORD   HAVE/HAS  SUBJECT  P.P OBJECT
How long   have      you    studied at this university?
What   have      you     done lately?


EXERCISES
Write the past participle:

Verb ¨Past Participle Verb Past Participle
Be                Write
Do                Read
Have                Leave
Study                Work
Live                Visit
Go                Know



Complete the sentences with the verbs given.  Use the PRESENT PERFECT.
Mr. Jackson _________________________ (teach) Biology for twenty years.
I ________________________________ (know) Mr. Adams since I was a child.
She _____________________________ (be) a good friend for a long time.
Susan and Jane _______________________ (have) their Dog for three years.

Write Yes / No questions.  Answer.
_____________ you ever ______________ (be) in Russia?
No, I _____________________________________________.
________________ Carmen ever ___________________ (travel) to Canada?
Yes, ________________________________________________

Answer the following question about you.
Have you ever ridden a motorcycle?
___________________________________________________________
Have you sung in front of public?
____________________________________________________________
What have you done lately?
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Last updated  2008/09/28 09:10:02 PDTHits  214