widner2 Señora Widner
  Spanish I & II
 
¡Feliz Año Nuevo!  Vamos a aprender mucho este semestre.  Entonces, necesitan estudiar mucho.  ¿Listos?  Pues, ¡Ven conmigo!

First, let's review preterite tense verbs.  You should all have your verb conjugation packets for quick reference, but by now you should know the regular endings!  If not, STUDY!

Regular -AR verbs (preterite)

(-é, -aste, ó, -amos, -aron)

Regular -ER/-IR verbs (preterite)

(-í, -iste, -ió, -imos, -ieron)

Remember that the -ER and -IR verbs use the same preterite endings!

We are also now working on COMMANDS (MANDATOS).  Let's review the rules.

Positive Informal Commands are the ones used to tell a friend what to do.  They are probably the easiest to remember. 

1.  Find the form.
2.  Drop the s.

Example:  caminar
          form:          caminas
          Command:         ¡Camina!

          comer
          form:          comes
          Command:          ¡Come!

Also remember to use exclamation marks with the command forms ( ¡ ! ).

The following verbs have irregular commands:

hacer     (haz)
poner     (pon)
tener     (ten)
ir        (ve)
ser       (sé)
venir     (ven)
salir     (sal)
decir     (di)

Memorize these!

Now, when you use a command with a pronoun (direct object pronoun -me, te, se, nos, se- or indirect object pronoun -le, la, los, las-), there are a couple of things you must do.

1.  If the verb is reflexive (ending with -se, change the pronoun to te.  Remember that we're dealing with INFORMAL commands, and they are all in the form.
2.  Change the actual verb (tú form, then drop the s).
3.  If the verb has more than two syllables, add an accent mark to the third syllable from the end of the word.

EXAMPLE: (using direct object pronouns)
levantarse
1.  le van tar te
2.  le van ta te
3.  le-van-ta-te (more than two syllables)
    ¡levántate!

If the verb in NOT reflexive has an indirect object pronoun on the end (le, la, los, las), DO NOT change the pronoun!!

EXAMPLE: (using indirect object pronouns)
decirle
1.  di le (the pronound doesn't change)
2.  dile (no accent marks because there are only two syllables)

I'll update this page soon with the negative command rules and examples.

You also need to be studying the Chapter 5 vocabulary and reading the Culture Notes!
Last updated  2008/09/28 08:20:59 PDTHits  161