worldwarll Je Hwan
This page is about"the great stories of the twenty century."

My story is about the "Japanese Americans in Concentration camps." During worldwar2, Japan was allies with germany and Italy and they attacked the U.S. only because of this reason, U.S put the Japanese Americans in Concentration camps and a lot of the Japanese American citizens died in the camp and I have some resouces about how the camp looks and specific information about the incident.
During world warII, the Japanese attacked pearl harbor in December 7th 1941. The Americans weren't directly at war before the Japanese attack. Franklin Roosevelt announced the war on Japan and the other allies the day after the attack.
Japanese American citizens were soon put in the concentration camps only because they look like japanese.

In February 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 and later Executive Order 9102,
which empowered De Witt to round up 70,000 U.S. citizens of Japanese descent and 42,000 Japanese resident aliens
with little more than the clothes on their back.

The Japanese citizens were sent to concentration camps and the condition of the camps were horrible. They were like living in the trailers, the worst trailers ever built.

Before the Attack on Pearl Harbor, Japanese Americans were mostly wealthy and they were living a happy life. When the war started, Japanese Americans had to sell their precious things for a little price because they couldn't carry all the stuffs to the internment camps and the Japanese Americans needed money to survive in the camp.

The Japanese Americans died in the camps because of bad condition and some people who were trying to escape, died.
After the war, the President gave the Japanese Americans some money because putting them in the concentration camps were not the right thing to do. 
On December 7 th 1941, the United States was deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.
At 6:00 a.m. on 7 December, the six Japanese carriers launched a first wave of 181 panes composed of torpedo bombers, dive bombers, horizontal bombers and fighters. Even as they flyed south, some elements of U.S forces on Oahu realized that there was something different about this Sunday morning.

The Japanese Empire never gave any hints or threats to the December 7 th attack. After the attack, Franklin Roosevelt said"Yeasterday, December 7 th 1941,- a date which will live in infamy- the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan"

The United States was at peace with Japan and The only reason that the United States was attacked is becasue Japan was poor on Natural resources. Here is that happened; The United States, which had important political and economic interests in East Asia, was alarmed by these Japanese moves because Japan was concuring most parts of Asia by the 1940s with the help of the German Axis.

The United States increased military and financial aid to China, and they made a program of strengthening its military power in the pacific, and cut off the shipment of oil and other raw materials to Japan.
Because Japan was poor in natural resources, its government
and the japan's leaders responded by resolving to seize the resource in rich territories of Southeast Asia even though that move would certainly result in war with the United States.

At 7:00 a.m., an alert operator of an Army radar station at Opana spotted the approaching first wave of the attack force but the Americans didn't take it seriously, they were relaxed and the radar sighting was passed off as an approaching group of American planes due to arrive that morning.

The Japanese aircrews achieved complete surprise when they hit American ships and military installations on Oahu a little time before 8:00a.m. They attacked the military airfields at the same time they hit the fleet in pearl Harbor. The American planes could not take off because the planes were jamed in together and they didn't have enough runways to actually fly the plane to the sky.

After the attack, Japanese losses were very very little. twenty-nine planes, less than 10 percent of the attacking force, failed to return to their carriers. However, on the Americans side, 2,395 servicemen and civilians killed.. another 1,178 wounded...two battleships destroyed... three put out of action... three more damaged... three destroyers sunk... 164 aircraft destroyed... 159 others damaged. The attack succeeded but the commander of the Japanese fleet isoroku Yamamoto was worried because the United States will be involved in the war and in the movie called pearl harbor, he says"I think we just woke a sleeping tiger."

The President gave an executive order which started the internment camps of the Japanese-Americans. The military felt that the threat of a Japanse Invasion was very realistic and they felt that the Japanese-Americans would be more likely to aid the Japanese Invasion force than the rest of the population.

In 1942, the total Japanese-American population of the west coast was moved to the Midwestern states. All except Hawaii, which chould not move out the majority of their work force.The Japanese Americans suffered and died in the concentration camps.

After the war, in 1945, the Japnese Americans were freed and even though they were free, they didn't have any money because they had to abondon everything when they came in to the camp. when george bush became the president, he wrote a letter showing apology to the japanese Americans and gave the survivors some money. Despite the harsh persecution and all the lives lost in the internment camps, all that was offered was a simple apology to forget the past which should always be remembered.
The sports that the Japanese Americans played were alot.
The Japanese Americans were mostly rich before they went to the Internment camps and they had a good Education. They play all of the sports that the americans played at that time and some men learnt Judo.

Even now we can see that Japan is good at playing sports and The most popular professional sports in Japan are baseball, soccer, and sumo. There are 12 professional baseball teams--six in the Central League and six in the Pacific League.

Japan has alot of traditional sports too.Sumo is a traditional Japanese sport that still enjoys immense popularity today. In sumo, two wrestlers face each other in a ring. The wrestler who brings his opponent down to the ground or pushes him out of the ring is the winner.

Another traditional sport is kendo. In kendo, two fencers wearing protectors, including masks and chest guards, each hold a long bamboo sword and compete by attempting to strike the opponent's mask or chest with the sword.
The most popular traditional sport is Judo and Judo is now an official sport in the olympics.

The Japanese Americans still play these sports among them selves and thy enjoy them very much. When they were in the internment camps, they didn't have any equipment or place to play any sports at all and the security was tight about all the thing that they were doing.
If this newspaper that I'm writing is from hawaii, it would say something about the pearl harbor n the day of the Japanese attack.

The Japanese attacked with out any warning and at about six o'clock in the morning, the Japanese were coming to airstrike pearl harbor.

The people who were defending the base were relaxed because it was sunday and the American airplanes were supposed to arrive that day so they thought that the Japanese planes were the American planes when they were shown in the radar.

The Americans weren't ready to defend their bases and the attack suceeded.

If I was talking about the Japanese News paper, it would say something about how the Japanese Americans have to sell their stuffs and go in to the internment camps. The Japanese Americans had to sell all their valuable properties for a cheap price.

       The Japanese Americans also made a comment about the Americans and the president that it is not fair to put innocent people in the internment camps and they were going to die in there. A lot of Japanese Americans actually died in the camps and the survivors got a little money.
     There is not much information about the education of japanese americans in the camps but according to one japanese kid, he said that the school was held in barracks and he learned formation matching, vollyball, and basketball.

He says that some teachers had a back ground of 8 th grade and all his teachers weren't japanese but Caucasian. he says that there were some japanese American teachers.
piano lessons were available but there were only a few pianos in the whold camp. when he got out of the camp, he was afraid because he couldn't keep up with the ordinary school.

Now a days, the japanese education is very different than the one in the internment camps. Postwar educational reform in 1947 established the new single track system with 6 years of elementary school, 3 years of junior high school as compulsory, and 3 years of senior high schools and 2-4 more years of college education. This time it was modeled after the American system with its emphasis on education for everyone.

   With the growth in the Japanese economy, the level of education in general rose dramatically in the 1970s. Many private institutions were newly founded or expanded especially in the 1960s and 1970s to offer education at the college and university levels to an increasing number of young Japanese students.

  Some Japanese American students commented that it is very competative to go to a good university in Japan and they said that it is easier to go to school in America than in japan. A lot of Japanese Americans are now getting in to the best schools in America such as harvard,connel, prinston, and yeil.

  The competition to enter reputable national universities and a small handful of private universities was quite fierce even before the war under the old school system.
The modern education system established after the war was modeled after the American system and aimed more at educating the masses. Unlike the prewar education system that made college and university education for a small number of elites, the modern system designed to give the education to as many Japanese as possible.

The kind of jobs that japansese Americans had were alot but they only got paid a little amount of money. the wage was between 12 dollars to 19 dollars per a month. Most women got 12 dollars.People who didn't have a special skill got paid an average of 16 dollars and the medical doctors and the people who had skills in something got 19 dollars per month.

The japanese Americans were desperate for money because they had lost all their money during coming in to manzanar because they had to sell their valuables at a cheap price and the Americans took most of the valuables from them. Even the rich japanese Americans didn't have a lot of money when they came in to the camps.

Now a days, japanese Americans have a lot of jobs and they are treated the same way as the Americans.
Attorneys and representatives from the American Civil Liberties Union of Southern California, the Japanese American Citizens League and the National Coalition for Redress/Reparations announced the settlement agreement of Mochizuki v. United States that provides a presidential apology and $5,000 reparation payment to survivors of the internment.

The japanese Americans were not happy with the amount of money that the united states gave them because alot of the japanese Americans lost their lives living in the internment camps. Some Japanese Americans said that they are happy because the americans finally realized that they were wrong about the proceedings of the internmnet camps.

A lot of the survivors now have jobs in America and they are living a normal life as the others do.
Some people said that they still dream about being relocated in the internment camps and they hope that these kind of things never happens again. Most of the young japanese americans have good jobs in America and they are living a normal life. They say that they will never forget what U.S has done to the japanese americans because it was the worst incident during world war 2.


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Last updated  2008/09/28 07:53:07 PDTHits  311