Verbs: Irregular Preterites and Ir Stinky Verbs Test
A preterite verb is a past tense verb that has completed action, a definite beginning or end. It is closest to our simple past tense.
Ex: I ate. Comí. (Has an end)
I met John. Conocí a Juan.
(Has a beginning.)
There are 4 irregular preterites that you must memorize. (ir and ser, which are alike in the preterite) and dar and ver, which are alike.)
These are the unaccented endings:
e, iste, o, imos, ieron.
These preterite verbs have irregular stems: to go/andar/anduv; to fit/caber/cup;
to say or to tell/decir/dij;
to make or to do/hacer/hic;
to be able or can,or to manage to/poder/pud;
to put, place or set/poner/pus;
to want(negative to refuse)/querer/quis;
to know (to find out)/saber/sup;
and to come/venir/vin.
Again, these verbs have unaccented, irregular endings: e,iste, o, imos, ieron (except for eron for traj, and dij).
Next, there are verbs with irregular spelling changes. Hacer has one. Hico becomes hizo, to preserve the s sound of hacer.
If you find 3 vowels together with an unaccented i in the middle, change the i to y.
Example: He heard.
Oió is misspelled, but Oyó is O.K.
Constuieron is wrong, Construyeron is O.k.
Ir stinky verbs have a stem-change in the third person singular and third person plural form. The the o of ir stem-changers becomes u, and the e of ir stem-changers becomes i.
He slept. She slept. You (usted) slept.
They slept. You all slept.