Lesson 8 - Elephants and Their Trunks / They're Not Gold At All

Read the article "Elephants and Their Trunks" and answer questions 1 through 6. Read the article "They're Not Gold at All" and answer numbers 7 through 10.

ELEPHANTS AND THEIR TRUNKS
The African elephant is the largest living animal. It stands 10-13 feet tall at the shoulder and weighs up to 8 tons. The Indian elephant is shorter, weights less, and has smaller ears than the African elephant. The two animals have one thing in common that no other animal has: a trunk. The trunk is a very long nose, which can do much more than just help the elephant smell.

The trunk is used for breathing, eating, and drinking. The elephant uses the tip of its trunk to pick grasses, leaves, and fruit for food. Then it places the food in its mouth. An elephant drinks by sucking water into its trunk. Then it squirts the water into its mouth.

THEY'RE NOT GOLD AT ALL
Have you ever looked carefully at a tank of goldfish? If you have, then you know that many goldfish are not gold at all. In fact, goldfish come in lots of different colors. In the wild, most goldfish are olive green. Their color helps them hide in plants that live in ponds and rivers. When goldfish don't live in the wild, they may have brighter colors. Many turn golden red. Some goldfish are completely white or silver. Other goldfish have spots on them that are a different color from the rest of their bodies. They are called calicoes because they have many colors, just like a calico cat.

Goldfish also come in different shapes and sizes. Most goldfish are very small, but some grow to be one foot long! One type of goldfish has a big head and bulging eyes. It is called a telescope fish. Another kind fo goldfish is the fantail fish. It has two tails instead of one!

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Mill Valley High School

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