Metaphor, Simile, Personification, Alliteration, and Idiom

Authors use figurative language to create a picture in the readers’ minds. Most of the time, the author is comparing what is really happening with something people are familiar with, allowing the reader to make a connection with what is happening in the novel. Figurative language also allows the author to express in more a powerful way what is occurring in the novel. Some literary elements that are used to create figurative language are:

Simile: a comparison between two unlike things using the words like or as.

Metaphor: a comparison between two unlike things without using the words like or as.

Personification: giving human qualities to non-living objects.

Read the examples of figurative language from Speak listed below. Label each example with an S for simile, an M for metaphor, or a P for personification.

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Aldine High School

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