Class 1
Commonly abbreviated words that you would spell out completely in prose:State names (Alabama, California, New York)Country names (United States of America, Canada)Units of measure (teaspoon, kilogram, pound, foot)One exception to this rule involves organizations and governmental agencies. Many writers spell out these names on their first use, but then abbreviate every other time the title appears in the writing. "John was notified by the Internal Revenue Service that he would be audited. He never thought the IRS would notice all the years he cheated on his taxes."Another exception might include recognizable names of historic figures like JFK (John F. Kennedy) or MLK (Martin Luther King Jr.)Abbreviations for the above categories may be more acceptable in scientific or technical writing, but these too are determined by the sample of writing you have chosen. For example:Many recipes contain abbreviated units of measure (tsp. for teaspoon, tbsp. for tablespoon).Envelope addresses only include the two-letter short form of states (AL for Alabama, CA for California).Lab reports abbreviate procedures, tests, and health information (CBC = Complete Blood Count, BP = blood pressure, EKG or ECG = Electrocardiogram)

Punctuating abbreviations
When you end a sentence with an abbreviation, you should not include an extra period.I invest my mutual funds in Vanguard Group, Inc.Commas, question marks, and exclamation points can come after the abbreviation's period in appropriately composed sentences.I invest my mutual funds in Vanguard Group, Inc., and I am very happy with this company.Do you invest mutual funds in Vanguard Group, Inc.?I love Vanguard Group, Inc.!

Even though you are saving yourself time and space in writing by abbreviating, you should have your readers always in mind as you write. Think about what they might already know or recognize before you shorten your terms and adjust your writing accordingly.
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Last updated  2020/03/06 04:04:35 PSTHits  781