Java Games: Flashcards, matching, concentration, and word search.

Ch. 23 The Atmosphere: Matching/Concentration/Flashcards/Wordsearch

HRW 2002

albedopercent of solar radiation reflected by a surface
atmospheric pressureratio of the force of the air to the area of the surface on which it presses
barometerinstrument that measures atmospheric pressure
climategeneral weather conditions over many years
conductiontype of energy transfer in which vibrating molecules pass heat along to other vibrating molecules by direct contact
convection celllooping pattern of flowing air
doldrumsnarrow zone of low air pressure at the equator characterized by weak and undependable winds
electromagnetic spectrumcomplete range of wavelengths of radiation
exospherelayer of the atmosphere above the ionosphere that merges with interplanetary space
greenhouse effectprocess by which the atmosphere traps infrared rays over the earth's surface
horse latitudessubtopical high-pressure belt of air, around 30 degrees latitude
ionospherelower region of the thermosphere, at an altitude of 80 to 550 km
jet streamsbands of high-speed , high altitude westerly winds
mesopauseupper boundary of the mesosphere, marked by an increase in temperature
mesospherecoldest layer of the atmosphere that extends upward from the stratosphere to an altitude of about 80 km
nitrogen cycleprocess in which nitrogen moves from the air to the soil to animals and back to the air
ozoneform of atmospheric oxygen that has three atoms per molecule
polar easterliesweak global winds located north of 65 degrees north latitude and south of 65 degrees south latitude that flow away from the poles
standard atmospheric pressurethe atmospheric pressure measured at sea level; 760 mm of mercury
stratopausehigh-temperature zone that marks the upper boundary of the stratosphere
stratospherelayer of the atmosphere that extends upward from the troposphere to an altitude of 50 km; contains most atmospheric ozone
subpolar lowbelts of low air pressure at about 60 degrees north and 60 degrees south latitude
temperature inversionatmospheric condition in which warm air traps cooler air near the earth's surface
thermospherethe atmospheric layer above the mesosphere
trade windsglobal winds flowing toward the equator between 30 degrees and 0 degrees latitude
tropopauseupper boundary of the troposphere in which the temperature remains almost constant
troposphereatmospheric layer closest to the earth's surface where nearly all weather occurs
weathergeneral condition of the atmosphere at a particular time and place
westerliesglobal winds located between 30 degrees and 60 degrees latitude that flow from the southwest in the Northern Hemisphere and from the northwest in the Southern Hemisphere

Marion Senior High School
Marion, VA

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