Java Games: Flashcards, matching, concentration, and word search.

US SOL Essential Knowledge 3

SOL Review

AB
What were the advantages of the North in the Civil War?industry, railroads, more people, established military
What were the advantages of the South in the Civil War?military generals, defensive war
What is the significance of Antietam?Gave Lincoln the victory he needed to announce the Emancipation Proclamation
What was the truning point of the Civl War?Gettysburg (fought on northern soil)
What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?freed slaves in areas in rebellion against the Union (kept slavery in the border states)
What was the greatest threat to civil liberties during the Civil War?Lincoln suspended habeas corpus
What was Lincoln's primary goal at the outset of the Civil War?preserve the Union (not freeing the slaves)
What Union general led the famous March to the Sea from Atlanta to Savannah?General Sherman
Where did Lee surrender to Grant on April 9, 1865?Appomatox Courthouse
Compare Johnson's Reconstruction plan to the Radical RepublicansJohnson wanted to be lenient; Readical Republicans wanted to punish the South
What did the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments do?13- free slaves; 14- citizenship; 15- vote
Why did the western movement intensify after the Civil War?Homestead Act; Transcontintental Railroad; land
Who did blacks vote for in the South, during Reconstruction?Republicans (Grant)
What were poll taxes; literacy tests, grandfather clauses?ways to keep blacks from voting
What were Jim Crow Laws?Laws that segregated the races
What was sharcropping?a new way of keeping blacks tied to the land, by requring them to pay a share of their crop to farm owners
Who was WEB DuBois?Harvard educated, felt blacks should advance with education; founds NAACP
Who was Booker T Washington?felt blacks should learn a trade or skill and slowly integrate into white society; Tuskegee Institute
Who was Ida B. Wells?woman who fought for civil rights and end to lynchings
What is the significance of Plessy v. Ferguson?established the doctrine of separate but equal- legal segregation
What is the Bessemer process?process for making steel with iron and coal
Who is Thomas Edison?invented light bulb, research lab at Menlo Park
Who is Alexander Graham Bell?invented telephone
Who is Henry Ford?assembly line and automobile
Who are the Wright Brothers?invent airplane
What was the goal of the Interstate Commerce Act?regulate the railroads (fed govt only could regulate trade between states)
What does laissez-faire mean?government does not interfere in the economy
Who was Andrew Carnegie?steel industrialist; vertical and horizontal integration
Who was John D. Rockefeller?oil industrialist
Who was JP Morgan?banker
Who was Cornelius Vanderbiltcaptain of industry in railroads
What was the Sherman Anti-Trust Actmeant to stop monopolies and trusts


SOL Review: World History and Geography I
Broad Run High School

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