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Learning and Conditioning

These games are designed to assist you in becoming familiar with key terms from Chapter 5 LEARNING in our text.

LearningRelatively permanent change in behavior as a result of past experience.
Classical ConditioningLearning by association
Operant ConditioningLearning from the consequences of our behavior
ShapingReinforcing successively closer approximations of a behavior until the correct behavior is displayed.
Stimulus DiscriminationThe occurence of a learned response to a specific stimulus but not to other, similar stimuli.
Stimulus GeneralizationThe occurence of a learned response not only to the original stimulus but to other, similar stimuli as well.
ExtinctionThe gradual weakening and disappearance of conditioned behavior
Positive ReinforcementA situation in which a response is followed by the addition of a reinforcing stimulus, increasing the likelihood of the response being repeated in similar situations.
Negative ReinforcementRemoval of an unpleasant or aversive stimulus from a situation, thereby strengthening future occurences of the behavior tha brings about this removal.
PunishmentA process that decreases the occurence of a behavior.
Partial ReinforcementA situation in which the occurrence of a particular response is only sometimes followed by a reinforcer.
Fixed-Interval ScheduleA reinforcer is deleivered for the first response that occurs after a fixed interval has passed.
Fixed-Ratio ScheduleA reinforcer is delivered after a fixed number of responses has occurered.
Variable-Ratio ScheduleA reinforcer is delivered after an average number of responses that varies unpredictabley from trial to trial.
Behavior ModificationThe application of learning principles to help people develop more effective or adaptive behaviors
Cognitive PerspectiveLearning involves mental processes
Cognitive MapTerm to describe the mental representation of the layout of a familiar environment.
Observational LearningLearning that occurs through observing the actions of others
Unconditioned StimulusThe natural stimulus that procduces a reflexive response without the necessity of prior learning.
Conditioned ResponseThe learned, reflexive response to a conditioned stimulus


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