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DNA Vocabulary

Explain how a genetic trait is determined by the code in a DNA molecule.

Maryland CLG: 3.3.3 and 3.3.4

genesegment of DNA that codes for a protein
DNAprovides the blueprint for the body to make proteins
mRNAtransfers the DNA code from the nucleus to the ribosome
tRNAbrings the correct amino acid to the ribosome
rRNAhelps mRNA and tRNA correctly assemble the amino acids
proteinsmacromolecule made up of linked amino acids
mutationa change in the base sequence on the DNA
gene splicingcutting out one portion of DNA and inserting a different piece
recombinant DNAa segment of DNA from at least two different organisms
genetic engineeringscientists change an organism's genes

Science Instructor
River Hill High School
Clarksville, MD

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