Java Games: Flashcards, matching, concentration, and word search.

Ch 17 Review

McDougal-Littell

AB
When you breathe, your respiratory system is bringing your bodyoxygen and removing carbon dioxide
The waste product formed during cellular respiration iscarbon dioxide
The waste product formed during photosynthesis isoxygen
When you inhale, air passes through the following respiratory structures in which order?mouth, throat, bronchial tubes, lungs
Which muscle contracts causing your thoracic cavity to expand?diaphragm
The process of respiration allows the body to obtainoxygen
Oxygen passes from your alveoli into your blood in which organs?lungs
The body system that functions to produce speech is therespiratory
The respiratory system helps you produce sounds whenair moves across the vocal cords
In your cells, oxygen and sugars are used to release energy in a process calledcellular respiration
During cellular respiration, your cells use oxygen and sugars to releaseenergy
The digestive system breaks down foods, which supply necessaryenergy and materials
Chewing food into smaller pieces with your teeth is a form ofmechanical digestion
What are the two types of changes that take place during digestion?chemical and mechanical
Where in your digestive system does mechanical digestion occur?mouth and stomach
List three of the functions of the digestive system.sample answers: breaking food into small pieces; absorbing nutrients; absorbing water; processing waste products
How does your stomach process food?Muscles mix and mash food. Acid breaks down food.
How is oxygen used by your body cells?release energy during cellular respiration
The liquid waste removed from the body by the urinary system is calledurine
What purpose do the kidneys serve in the urinary system?They filter liquid wastes from blood.
Kidneys maintain homeostasis in the body by regulatingwater levels
Which organ uses sweat glands to remove waste from the body?skin
Kidneys are a part of the _________ systemurinary
The organ that helps maintain homeostasis by controlling the amount of water in your urine is called thekidney
What are four ways the body disposes of waste products?Through the urinary system (eliminates liquid waste), respiratory system (removes water vapor and waste gases), digestive system (removes solid waste from food), and skin (releases waste through sweat glands).
Which system removes liquid waste from the bloodurinary system
Which system removes water vapor and waste gasesrespiratory system
Which system removes solid wastedigestive system
These glands move waste watersweat glands
The looping tubes inside the kidneys that regulate the composition of blood arenephrons
The ability to do work or to cause a changeenergy
Muscle that performs involuntary movement and is found inside certain organs, such as the stomachsmooth muscle
The process by which an organism or cell maintains the internal conditions needed for health and functioning, regardless of outside conditionshomeostasis
A process in which cells use oxygen to release energy stored in sugars (glucose)cellular respiration
A system that interacts with the environment and with other body systems to bring oxygen to the body and remove carbon dioxideRespiratory system
A substance that an organism needs to live.nutrient
The process of breaking down food into usable materialsdigestion
The system that work together to transform the energy and materials in food into forms the body can usedigestive system
Wavelike contractions of smooth muscles in the organs of the digestive tractperistalsis
A group of organs that filter waste from an organism’s blood and excrete it in a liquid called urineurinary system
Liquid waste that is secreted by the kidneysurine
What body system is shown in the diagram?, respiratory system
Which letter identifies the diaphragm?, F diaphragm
Which letter identifies the structure that expands when the diaphragm contracts?, G Lungs
The epiglottis keeps the air you breathe from entering your stomach. Which letter identifies the epiglottis?, B epiglottis
What is the name of the structure identified by the letter A?, throat
What is the name of the structure identified by the letter B?, Epiglottis
What is the name of the structure identified by the letter C?, Larynx or Voice box
What is the name of the structure identified by the letter D?, trachea
What is the name of the structure identified by the letter E?, Bronchial tubes
What is the name of the structure identified by the letter F?, Diaphragm
What is the name of the structure identified by the letter G?, Lungs
Which letter identifies the structure where peristalsis moves food from the mouth to the stomach?, C esophagus
What is the name of the structure identified by the letter A?, Mouth
What is the name of the structure identified by the letter B?, Liver
What is the name of the structure identified by the letter C?, esophagus
What is the name of the structure identified by the letter D?, stomach
What is the name of the structure identified by the letter E?, pancreas
What is the name of the structure identified by the letter F?, large intestine
What is the name of the structure identified by the letter G?, small intestine
Which letter identifies the organ to which digested food moves after nutrients have been absorbed by the small intestine?, F Large Intestine
Which letter identifies the structure located between the larynx and bronchial tubes?, C Trachea
Which structure contracts when you inhale?, F Diaphragm
What is the name for the tiny sacs located at the end of structure E?, alveoli
Which letter points to the location at which mechanical digestion starts?, A mouth
Which structure contains your vocal cords?, C Larynx
Which structure contains villi?, G small intestine


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