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Nutrients that provide energy

NutrientsSubstances within foods that the body needs to work properly
Nutritionthe process by which the body takes in and uses food.
CalorieThe unit of food energy found in foods
Carbohydratessugars and starches found in foods
Glucosethe form of sugar that goes directly into the bloodstream and provides quick energy.
Glycogena form of starch sored in the muscles or stored as body fat.
Dietary Fibercomes from the nondigestable part of the plant
Lipidsomewhat similar to carbohydrates, but contain less oxygen and do not dissolve in water
Saturated fatssolid at room temperature
Unsaturated fatsliquid at room temperature
Cholesterola waxy, fat like substance found in animal foods and produced by the body
LDLLow density lipoproteins
HDLHigh Density lipoproteins
Proteinsneeded to build and repair all body tissues
Amino Acidsbuilding blocks of proteins
C, H, OChemical makeup of carbohydrates
Simple Carbohydratesfructose, lactose, and maltose
Complex carbohydratesCereals, pasta , and potatoes
4 cal/gramnumber of calories per gram in carbohydrates
4 cal/gramNumber of calories per gram in proteins
lactosesugar found in milk
fructosesugar found in fruits
sucroseprocessed sugar
60%percent of daily calories from carbohydrates
Sources of fiberbran, apples, beans, carrots
Sources of saturated fatsbutter and whipped cream
Sources of unsaturated fatscorn oil and vegeetable oil
25-30%percent of daily calories from fats.
fatnutrient that contains the most concentrated form of energy.
Sources of cholesteroleggs, meats, and butter
2 ways cholesterol is transported in the bloodHDL and LDL
Good form of cholesterolHDL
Bad form of cholesterolLDL
C, H, O, NChemical makeup of proteins
9number of essential amino acids
11number of nonessential amino acids
Examples of complete proteinseggs, fish, meat, and milk
Examples of incomplete proteinsbeans, peas, grains
legumesplants that bear seeds in a pod
examples of legumespeanuts, beans, peas

Ms Smith

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