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American History, Chapter 11

Cult of True Womanhoodpious, pure, submissive, and domesticated; at home on a pedestal
temperancemoderation or abstention in the use of alcoholic beverages
doctrine of two sphereshusbands earn income; male in public, female in private
abolitionismmovement to end slavery
Second Great Awakeningassault on Calvinism; stressed mercy and love of God
people can control own fate, earn own salvationSecond Great Awakening
American Temperance Society1826; began crusade against drunkenness,
benevolent empirevoluntary associations organized to do good work
organized to make society over into what middle class God thought it should bebenevolent empire
LiberatorWm Lloyd Garrison's abolitionist newspaper
American Colonization Society1817; purchased land in Liberia for to segregate freed slaves
Liberty partyArthur and Lewis Tappan broke with Garrison; James Birney for president in 1840 and 1844
Seneca Falls Convention1848; Declaration of Sentiments
Declaration of SentimentsMen and women created equal
Charles G. FinneyEvangelist; salvation available to anyone; take salvation into own hands
Robert OwenBritish utopian socialist; New Harmony, IN
New Harmony, INCompetition debasing; economic and political equality, challenge sexual and religious mores of Jackson
Horace MannCommon school movement; secretary MA school board; public education to train workers/citizens
Dorothea DixSought to improve care for insane
William Lloyd Garrisonradical abolitionist; wanted immediate, uncompensated freeing of slaves
Theodore Dwight Weldmoderate abolitionist; supported immediate abolition through political activity
Frederick Douglasscampaigner against both slavery and racial prejudice
Angelina & Sarah GrimkeBegan as abolitionists; took up women's rights
Lucretia MottOrganized Seneca Falls convention; abolitionist turned women's rights advocate
Elizabeth Cady Stantoncampaigned for women's right to vote, own property, attend college, and enter the professions; organized Seneca Falls Conv
transcendentalisma mystical, intuitive way of looking at life that subordinated facts to feelings
humans could transcend reason and intellectual capacities by having faith in their own intuition and in the fundamental benevolence of the universe. They were complete individualiststranscendentalism
Scarlet Letterreminded perfectionists of futility of crusade
Ralph Waldo Emerson. Optimism and self-confidence marked his philosophy; glorified individualism and self-reliance
American ScholarRalph Waldo Emerson
Henry David Thoreauleading literary romantic and transcendentalist; admired raw nature and the simple life;
Nathaniel HawthorneWrote of Puritan heritage and its lingering influence
Brook Farmcooperative community popular with intellectuals; lasted 4 years
phrenologycharacter type determined by reading bumps on head

Cynthia Richardson

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