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US History - Western Settlement

MormonsJoseph Smith & Brigham Young; moved west for religious toleration
Frederick Jackson Turnerofficially proclaimed that the American Frontier was closed
Morril Land Grant Actgave land to states, states sold land, built colleges
Oklahoma Land RushSooners rushed in to get last free land
Dawes Severalty ActNative Americans got 160 acres; forced assimilation on Natives
Chief Joseph‘from where the sun now stands, I shall fight no more forever’
Battle of Little Big HornCuster was defeated at this battle; only victory for Native Americans
Wounded Kneelast Native American resistance; hundreds of Native killed
Helen Hunt Jacksonwrote ‘A Century of Dishonor”
Soddieshomes built on the plains using limited resources (dirt squares)
Transcontinental railroadCompleted at Promontory Point; built by Irish and Chinese immigrants
The Grangeorganized by Oliver Kelley; fought for rights of farmers
Omaha PlatformPopulist party beliefs and goals; created in 1892
Interstate Commerce Actlaw developed to regulated railroad rates
William Jennings Bryanran for president as a populist and democrat 1892 & 1896
Cross of Goldspeech given by WJ Bryan; advocated bimetallism (gold and silver money)
barbed wireinvented by Joseph Glidden; closed the open range
refrigerator carmade possible the transport of produce across county
steel plowinvented by John Deere; made settlement on the prairie possible
Populist Partypolitical party of farmers to voice their opinions
Sitting BullNative leader; participated in Little Bighorn against Custer
Buffalo SoldiersAfrican American cavalry; fought Indians
Munn v. IllinoisGranger case; allowed states to regulate railroad rates
Wabash v. IllinoisGranger case; said states could NOT regulate railroad rates
Homestead Act160 acres of land to white settlers; much of the land was speculated

Instructional Technology Facilitator
Surry County Schools

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