A | B |

Additive Identity Property | The sum of any real number and zero is equal to the given real number |

Additive Identity Property | zero (0) is the additive identity element |

Additive Inverse Property | The sum of a number and its additive inverses always equals zero |

Associative Property | Regrouping the addends does not change the sum |

Associative Property | regrouping the factors does not change the product |

Commutative Property | Changing the order of the addends does not change the sum |

Commutative Property | changing the order of the factors does not change the product |

Distributive Property | The product of a number and the sum (or difference) of two other numbers equals the sum (or difference) of the products of the number and each other number |

Multiplicative Inverse Property | The product of a number and its multiplicative inverse (or reciprocal) always equals one. |

Multiplicative Property of Zero | The product of any real number and zero is zero |

Multiplicative Identity Property | The product of any real number and one is equal to the given real number |

Multiplicative Identity Property | one (1) is the multiplicative identity element |

Base | The number that is multiplied |

Equation | A mathematical sentence that states that two expressions are equal. |

Experimental Probability | Determined by carrying out a simulation or an experiment; (number of times desired outcomes occur divided by the number of trials in the experiment). |

Exponent | Represents the number of times the base is used as a factor; a name for a number. |

Expression | A phrase that has no equal sign; a name for a number. |

Function | A rule that pairs exactly one element of a set with only one element of another set. |

Fundamental Counting Principle | A computational procedure to determine the number of possible arrangements of several objects; the product of the number of ways each object can be chosen individually. |

Identity Element | Numbers that combine with other numbers without changing the other numbers |

Inequality | A mathematical sentence that states that one quantity is less than (or greater than) another quantity. |

Integers | The set of whole numbers and their opposites (e.g., … -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, …). |

Inverses | Numbers that combine with other numbers and result in identity elements |

One-Step Inequality | An inequality that requires the use of one operation to solve |

One-Step Equation | An equation that requires the use of one operation to solve |

Point | Located by its distances from two intersecting perpendicular number lines (x and y-axis). |

Power | Repeated multiplication of a number |

Rate | A special ratio that always has a denominator of 1 |

Sale Price | Determined by subtracting the discount from the original price of the merchandise |

Scattergram | Illustrates the relationship between two sets of data; consists of points |

Scientific Notation | Used to represent very large or very small numbers; the product of two factors – a decimal greater than or equal to 1 but less than 10, and a power of 10 |

Simple Interest | Determined by multiplying the principal by the rate of interest by the number of years on the loan or investment |

Theoretical Probability | The expected probability; number of possible favorable outcomes divided by the total number of possible outcomes |

Total Cost | The sum of the original cost and the interest paid |

Total Value | The sum of the original investment and the interest earned |

Variable Expression | An expression that contains a variable |

Verbal Expression | A word phrase |

Verbal Sentence | A complete word statement. |