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England and France develop Dynastic States

Chapter 14, Section 3

Feudal StateSimilar people with similar customs and beliefs, protected by local lords, who were responsible to a king.
Dynastic StateDifferent peoples with different customs and languages held together by a king or family of kings using common laws and central government.
Angles, Saxons and JutesThree Germanic tribes that migrated to Britain in the late 300s.
shireThe original term for what is usually known as a county.
ThegnsA nobleman in Anglo-Saxon England.
EarlAnglo-Saxon term for a large landowner, from the Scandinavian word for "chief.'
WitanCommon name for the Witenagemot (council of wise men) which met to advise the king in Anglo-Saxon England.
Alfred the GreatAnglo-Saxon king (871 - 899) who defeated the Viking invaders, unified the kingdom and Began development of laws that applied to all.
Shire ReeveA sheriff or officer of the king in a shire.
Canute the GreatDanish king who conquered England in 1016 and united the Anglo-Saxons and the Vikings.
Edward the ConfessorAnglo-Saxon king (1042 - 1066) who favored the Normans, but died without an heir.,
Harold King of NorwayGreat warrior and a cousin of Edward the Confessor.
Harold GodwinsonAnglo-Saxon Earl, brother-in-law of Edward the Confessor, the last Anglo-Saxon king.
William of NormandyCousin of Edward the Confessor who became the first Norman king of England.
Battle of Stamford BridgeBattle in northern England where Harold Godwinson defeated and killed Harold of Norway.
Battle of HastingsBattle in southern England in which William of Cormandy defeated and killed Harold Godwinson (October 14, 1066).,
Salisbury OathIn August 1086 William I summoned ‘landowning men of any account’ to attend at Salisbury and swear allegiance to him and to be faithful against all other men.
Curia RegisKing’s Council of William I &
Doomesday BookThe record of the great survey of England completed in 1086.
Henry IKing of England (1100-1135), he Justices which represented the Curia Regis and the Exchequer to receive taxes from sheriffs.,
Henry IIKing of England (1154 - 1189), he created the traveling justices on regular circuits who developed the "common law."
Eleanor of AquitaineBy her marriage to Henry II he inherited a claim to a large territory in western France.,
Common LawA unified body of English law based on precedent or previous court decisions.
Thomas BecketArchbishop of Canterbury who bacame a martyr by challenging Henry's attempt to force the Church to obey common law.
John IKing of England (1199 - 1216), his misrule and excommunication caused the barons to rebel in 1215.
Magna CartaThe Great Charter (1215), by which John agreed that the king was under the law, no taxation without the consent of the nobles and the burgesses and that there could be no imprisonment without trials.
Henry IIIKing of England (1216 - 1272) by the Provisions of Oxford he agreed that the Curia Regis must meet three times each year and that the king must have the consent of the council to act.
Edward IKing of England (1272 - 1307), he called the Model Parliament to meet in 1295 to raise taxes for wars in Wales, Scotland and France.,
House of LordsHouse of Parliament that represented the nobles and bishops.
House of CommonsHouse of Parliament that represented the knights and burgesses.
Louis the SluggardThe last Carolingian king of France.
Hugh CapetFirst Capetian king of France (987 - 996), elected because the nobles thought him too weak to interfere with their local power.
Capetian DynastyFourteen kings who ruled France for350 years and spread their power out from Paris.
Philip II "Augustus"King of France (1180 - 1223), he weakened the kings of England by seizing Normands and tripling the lands under his direct control.
baliffs & seneschalsRoyal officials sent to every district in the kingdom to preside over the king's courts and to collect the king's taxes.
Louis IXKing of France (1226 - 1270), he created a French appeals court and sent provosts into French towns to make the bourgeoisie obey his ordinances (orders).
Philip IVKing of France (1285 - 1314), to win support in his dispute with the Pope he called the first meeting of the Estates General in 1302.
Third EstateThe French bourgeoisie (middle class).
Limited MonarchyThe philosophy that the king was not free to do whatever he wished and must obey the law.
Absolute MonarchyThe philosophy that the king was free to do whatever he wished because he was above the law.

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