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Apologia Biology - Module 7: Cellular Reproduction and DNA (2nd edition)

Vocabulary from Module 7, from Apologia Educational Ministries' High School Biology Course Exploring Creation With Biology, by Dr. Jay Wile and Marilyn F. Durnell (2nd edition).


There is also a crossword puzzle for this module at:

GeneticsThe science that studies how characteristics get passed from parent to offspring
Genetic factorsThe general guidelines of traits determined by a person's DNA
Environmental factorsThose "nonbiological" factors that are involved in a person's surroundings such as the nature of the person's parents, the person's friends, and the person's behavioral choices
Spiritual factorsThe factors in a person's life that are determined by the quality of his or her relationship with God
GeneA section of DNA that codes for the production of a protein or a portion of protein, thereby causing a trait
Messenger RNAThe RNA that performs transcription
AnticodonA three-nucleotide base sequence on tRNA
CodonA sequence of three nucleotide bases on mRNA that refers to a specific type of amino acid
ChromosomeDNA coiled around and supported by proteins, found in the nucleus of the cell
MitosisA process of asexual reproduction in eukaryotic cells
InterphaseThe time interval between cellular reproduction
CentromereThe region that joins two sister chromatids
Mother cellA cell ready to begin reproduction, containing duplicated DNA and centrioles
KaryotypeThe figure produced when the chromosomes of a species during metaphase are arranged according to their homologous pairs
Diploid cellA cell with chromosomes that come in homologous pairs
Haploid cellA cell that has only one representative of each chromosome pair
Diploid number (2n)The total number of chromosomes in a diploid cell
Haploid number (n)The number of homologous pairs in a diploid cell
MeiosisThe process by which a diploid (2n) cell forms gametes (n)
GametesHaploid cells (n) produced by diploid cells (2n) for the purpose of sexual reproduction
VirusA non-cellular infectious agent that has two characteristics: It has genetic material (RNA or DNA) inside a protective protein coat, and it cannot reproduce on its own.
AntibodiesSpecialized proteins that aid in destroying infectious agents
VaccineA weakened or inactive version of a pathogen that stimulates the body's production of antibodies which can aid in destroying the pathogen

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