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CHAPTER 6 TERMS

CORRESPONDS TO CHAPTER 6 HOLT: VISUALIZING LIFE TEXTBOOK

AB
GENETICSTHE STUDY OF HEREDITY
GREGOR MENDELTHE FATHER OF MODERN GENETICS
TRUE-BREEDINGOFFSPRING WOULD PRODUCE ONLY ONE FORM OF A PARTICULAR TRAIT
HOMOZYGOUSHAVING IDENTICAL ALLELES FOR A TRAIT
ALLELEONE OF TWO OR MORE ALTERNATE FORMS OF A GENE
HETEROZYGOUSHAVING ALLELES FOR A TRAIT THAT ARE DIFFERENT
GENOTYPETHE ACTUAL ALLELES THAT AN ORGANISM POSSESSES
PHENOTYPEPHYSICAL APPEARANCE OF AN ORGANISM DETERMINED BY ITS ALLELES
DOMINANTALLELE THAT ACHIEVES EXPRESSION IN A HETEROZYGOTE
RECESSIVEALLELE THAT IS PRESENT BUT IS NOT EXPRESSED IN A HETEROZYGOTE
PUNNETT SQUAREDIAGRAM TO AID IN VISUALIZING A CROSS BETWEEN TWO INDIVIDUALS
PROBABILITYTHE LIKELIHOOD THAT SOMETHING WILL HAPPEN
LAW OF SEGREGATIONMEMBERS OF EACH GENE PAIR SEPARATE WHEN GAMETES ARE FORMED
LAW OF INDEPENDENT ASSORTMENTTWO OR MORE PAIRS OF ALLELES SEGREGATE INDEPENDENTLY OF ONE ANOTHER, IF THEY ARE ON SEPARATE CHROMOSOMES, DURING GAMETE FORMATION
GENESEGMENT OF DNA THAT CARRIES INSTRUCTIONS FOR A PARTICULAR TRAIT
CHROMOSOMAL THEORY OF INHERITANCEGENES ON CHROMOSOMES ARE THE UNITS OF INHERITANCE
DIPLOIDCELLS HAVING PAIRS OF CHROMOSOMES (2X)
HAPLOIDCELLS CONTAINING ONLY ONE CHROMOSOME OF EACH PAIR (N)
MEIOSISNUCLEAR DIVISION IN WHICH CHROMOSOME NUMBER IS HALVED
CROSSING OVERRECIPROCAL EXCHANGE OF DNA SEGMENTS BY CHROMOSOMES
SEX CHROMOSOMESX AND Y CHROMOSOMES;DETERMINE SEX OF OFFSPRING
MUTATIONCHANGE IN A GENE
GENETIC DISORDERSHARMFUL EFFECTS OF MUTATIONS
SEX-LINKED TRAITSTRAITS DETERMINED BY GENES LOCATED ON THE X CHROMOSOME
PEDIGREECHART SHOWING HOW A TRAIT IS INHERITED OVER SEVERAL GENERATIONS
XXFEMALE GENOTYPE
XYMALE GENOTYPE

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