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Progressive Era in US History

Temperance MovementThe movement in the United States to ban alcohol
SuffrageThe right of voting in political elections
Spoils SystemThe practice of rewarding political supporters with jobs
Civil service reformsChanged the way that government jobs were filled, instituted the "Merit system"
Pendleton Act (1883)Provided for: Competitive exams, Ended forced political contributions by government employees
Dorothea DixWorked for the rights of the mentally ill
ProgressivesAmerican from all walks of life, set on correcting the problems of the industrial era US
MuckrakersJournalists, writers, photographers and others who worked to expose corruption and injustice
Frank NorrisWrote "The Octopus" (1901)
Ida TarbellWrote "The History of Standard Oil" (1903)
Jacob RiisPhotographer, wrote "How the Other Half Lives" (1890)
Upton SinclairWrote "The Jungle" (1906)
Pure Food and Drug Act (1906)Required accurate labels on products consumed
Meat Inspection Act (1906)Reformed slaughterhouses, a result of "The Jungle"
Settlement housesHelped recent immigrants and others to find work, education and housing
Hull House (Chicago)Settlement house founded by Jane Addams
Carrie NationFiery, axe-wielding temperance advocate
Women’s Christian Temperance UnionOrganization founded to ban alcohol in the US
18th Amendment (1920)Banned the sale and importation of alcohol in the US
19th Amendment (1920)Granted women the right to vote in the US
Margaret SangerWorked to provide women access to birth control
Booker T. WashingtonFounded the Tuskegee Institute, advocated vocational training for African-Americans
WEB De Bois WEB De Bois Helped found the NAACP, advocated formal education for African-American & advocated protest
Secret BallotPrevented political "Bosses" from knowing how people voted
InitiativeAllowed people to petition Legislatures for consideration of laws
ReferendumAllowed voters to decide on bills and amendments
RecallAllowed petition to be used to force politicians from office
Direct Primary Allowed voters to select party candidates for the ballot
17th AmendmentProvided for the direct election of US Senators
Theodore Roosevelt"The Trust Buster"
TrustA business that controls most of a particular market (a monopoly)
Hepburn Act (1906) Strengthened the Interstate Commerce Commission, allowed the ICC to regulate railroad rates
Anthracite Coal StrikeRoosevelt sided with labor and threatened to send in the US army
John MuirConservationist who influenced progressive thinking about American natural resources
Statndard Oil Co. of NJ v. The USDissolved a monopoly, applied the "rule of reason" to future anti-trust cases
"The Bull-Moose Party"Progressive party of Theodore Roosevelt that challenged W.H. Taft

Joshua DeLorenzo

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