Java Games: Flashcards, matching, concentration, and word search.

Ch. 1: The Tools of Geography

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absolute locationthe precise point where a place is located on Earth
distortiona change in the size, shape, or position of a place when it is shown on a map
map projectiona way of representing the spherical Earth of a flat surface
relative locationwhere a place is located in relation to another place
compass rosea small diagram mapmakers use to indicate directions on a map
cardinal directionsnorth, south, east, and west
intermediate directionsnortheast, southeast, southwest, and northwest
map legend/map keya box on a map; lists each symbol and explains what it shows on the map
map gridsystem of imaginary lines used to divide up space on maps
global gridthe system of imaginary lines (called latitude and longitude lines) used to divide the surface of Earth on maps and globes
parallels of latituderun east and west around the globe
meridians of longituderun from the North Pole to the South Pole
Prime Meridianline that runs through Greenwich, England
map scaletells you how to read distances on the map
hemispheresused to divide the Earth into halves
revolutionOne round trip around the sun takes about 365 1/4 days, which makes an Earth year
axisan imaginary line that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole through the center of the Earth
rotationthe spinning motion of Earth around its axis
tropical zonesthe area between the equator and the tropic of Cancer and between the equator and the Tropic of Capricorn, where the climate is generally hot
polar zonesthe area between the Arctic Circle and the North Pole or between the Antarctic Circle and the South Pole, where the climate is generally cold
temperate zonesarea between Earth's tropical zones and polar zones, where the climate is relatively mild

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