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Mesopotamia Vocabulary

AB
Emporerthe ruler of an empire
empirea group of territories and peoples brought together under one supreme ruler
Fertile Crescenta area of rich soil in the Middle East, stretching from the Medierranean Sea to the Persian Gulf
justicefair treatment of people, in keeping with the law
Hammurabithe ruler of the Babylonian Empire from 1792-1750 B.C., who expanded the empire
code of lawa set of written rules for people to obey
irrigationthe watering of crops
cuneiforman ancient writing system developed by the Sumerians, made up of wedge-shaped markings
Mesopotamiathe area of Southwest Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers - home to many early civilizations
flood plainflat land bordering a river
siltfine, fertile soil deposited by a river
droughta period of little rainfall in which growing crops becomes difficult
surplusan amount produced in excess of what is needed
city-statea political unit that includes a city and its nearby farmlands
zigguratan ancient Sumerian or Babylonian temple
polytheisma belief in many gods or goddesses
stylusa sharpened reed used to press markings into clay tablets
scribea person who specializes in writing and serves as a record keeper
pictographa picture or drawing that represents a word or an idea
aritsana person trained in a particular skill or craft


Social Studies 8
Newark Middle School
NY

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