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2011 Poetry Terms

alliterationthe repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
assonancethe repetition of vowel sounds within non-rhyming words
ballada type of narrative poem that tells a story and was originally meant to be sung or recited
blank verseunrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter
connotationan attitude or a feeling associated with a word
consonancethe repetition of consonant sounds within and at the end of the words
coupleta rhymed pair of lines
dictiona writer's or speaker's choice of words and way of arranging the words in sentences
elegyan extended meditative poem in which the speaker reflects on death or an equally serious subject
extended metaphora metaphor that compares tow unlike things in some length and several ways
figurative languagelanguage that communicates meanings beyond the literal meanings
hyperbolea figure of speech in which the truth is exaggerated for emphasis or humorous effect
metaphora figure of speech that makes a comparison between two thins that are basically unlike but have something in common
personificationa figure of speech in which human qualities are given to an object
similea figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike thing using the words "like, rather, as, than"
understatement (meiosis, litotes)a techniques of creating emphasis by saying less than is actually or literally true
formthe principles of arrangement in a poem--the ways in which lines are organized
free versepoetry that does not contain regular patterns of rhythm or rhyme
haikua form of Japanese poetry in which 17 syllables are arranged in three lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables
iambic pentametera metrical pattern of five feet, or units, each of which is made up of two syllable, the first unstressed and the second stressed
idioma common figure of speech whose meaning is different from the literal meaning of its words
imagerydescriptive words and phrases that re-create sensory experiences for the reader
lyric poetrya short poem in which a single speaker expresses personal thoughts and feelings
narrative poetrypoetry that tells a story or recounts events
moodthe feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader
metera regular patter of stressed and unstressed syllables in a poem
odea complex lyric poem that develops a serious and dignified theme
onomatopoeiathe use of words whose sound echo their meanings
paradoxa seemingly contradictory or absurd statement that may nonetheless suggest an important truth
parallelismthe use of similar grammatical constructions to express ideas that are related or equal in importance
pastorala poem presenting shepherds in rural settings, usually in an idealized manner.
quatrainfour lines of poetry
repetitiona technique in which a sound, word, phrase, or line is repeated for emphasis or unity.
rhymethe occurrence of similar or identical sounds at the end of two or more words
rhyme schemea pattern of end rhymes in a poem
rhythma pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
scansionthe notation of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry
sonneta lyric poem of 14 lines
sound devicesuse of words for their auditory effect
stylethe particular way in which a work of literature is written
stanzaa group of two or more lines in a poem
symbola person, place, object, or an activity that stands for something beyond itself
themean underlying message about life or human nature that a writer wants the reader to understand
tonethe attitude a writer takes toward a subject
voicea writer's unique use of language that allows a reader to 'hear' a human personality in a work
speakerthe voice that 'talks' to the reader in a poem

Evans, GA

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