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Greek and Latin Units 21 - 24

Play this game to prepare for a quiz on these units related to words with mythological origins.

arachnidarthropod with four pairs of legs, lung-like sacs or breathing tubes and body divided into two segments (origin: from Arachne, Greek maiden who was turned into a spider by Athena after challenging her to a weaving contest)
cerealrelating to grain or the plants that produce (origin: from Ceres, Roman Goddess of the Harvest; Greek counterpart: Demeter)
cerebralof the upper, main part of the brain of vertebrate animals (origin: from Cerberus, the three-headed dog that guards the entrance to the underworld; one head could see the past, the second the present, and the third the future)
clotha woven, knitted, or pressed fabric of fibrous material (origin: from Clotho, one of the Greek Fates who spun the thread of life)
echothe repeating of a sound, produced by reflection f sound waves from a surface (origin: from the Greek nymph named Echo, who was punished by Hera so that she could only repeat the last few words of what others would say)
electricitya form of energy generated by friction, induction, or chemical, and radiant effects (origin: from Elecktra, a passionate Greek woman, who had eyes the color of amber, which when rubbed with silk, an electrical charge results)
Herculeanrequiring tremendous strength; strong (origin: from Hercules, demigod with excessive strength; Greek counterpart: Heracles)
hygienea science concerned with maintaining or establishing good health (origin: from Hygeia, Greek Goddess of Health)
hypnosisa sleeplike condition physically induced, usually by another person (origin: from Hypnos, Greek God of Sleep)
iridescentrainbow-like, colorful (origin: from Iris, Greek Goddess of Rainbows)
jovialjolly, hearty, joyful (origin: from Jove, Roman God of the Sky; Greek counterpart: Zeus)
lunaticinsane, extremely foolish (origin: from Luna, Roman Goddess of the Moon; Greek counterpart: Artemis)
mercurialchangeable, swift (origin: from Mercury, Messenger of the Gods/God of Travelers; Greek counterpart: Hermes)
narcissisticself-absorbed; exceedingly vain; conceited; in love with oneself (origin: from Narcissus, a Greek man who fell in love with his reflection in a pool of water and became a flower)
nemesisa deadly adversary; enemy (origin: from Nemesis, Greek Goddess of Revenge)
panicwild, frightful chaos; inexplicable terror (origin: from Pan, Greek God of Shepherds and Flocks, said to instill great fear in anyone who accidentally ran into him or heard his loud shouting and singing)
phoenixsomething that is reborn from its own destruction (origin: mythical bird that never dies; sprang from ashes)
rumoran unconfirmed report (origin: from Pheme, Greek Goddess of Rumor/Fame; Messenger of Zeus)
saturninegloomy; taciturn; depressed (origin: from Saturn, Roman God of Time, Greek counterpart: Chronos)
somnambulateto walk while asleep; sleepwalking (origin: from Somnus, Roman God of Sleep)
tantalizeto torment or tease with unattainable things (origin: from Tantalus, a Greek demigod, who was eternally punished in the underworld by being in a pool of water he couldn't drink and having fruit above his head that he couldn't eat)
thespianrelating to drama; actor, actress (origin: from Thespis, the first Greek actor who introduced the tragedy in drama)
titanicpowerful, huge, colossal, massive (origin: from the Greek Titans, who were giants who ruled before the Olympian gods)
volcanoa vent in the Earth's crust through which rocks, dust, ash, or molten rock in the form of liquid magma is ejected (origin: from Vulcan, Roman God of Fire; Greek counterpart: Hephaestus)
stentorianextremely loud (origin: from Stentor from the Illiad, a messenger/herald who was said to have the voice of fifty men)

Ferguson Middle School 7th Grade Language Arts Teacher
Ferguson Middle School

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