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New Literary Terms List 8

literary terms

alliterationrepetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
assonancerepetition of similar vowel sounds in a line of poetry
ballada simple narrative poem written in four line stanzas, usually sung
blank verselines of iambic pentameter without end rhyme
cantomain divisions of certain long poems corresponding to the chapters of a book
consonancerepetition of consonant sounds within a line of verse
couplettwo consecutive lines of verse that rhyme
free versepoetry not written in a regular pattern of meter or rhyme
haikua type of poetry where the first and third lines have five syllables and the second line has seven syllables; it usually involves nature
lyric poema highly musical verse that expresses the thoughts, observations, and feelings of a single speaker
meterthe rhythmical pattern of a poem that is determined by the number and types of stresses, or beats, in each line
narrative poema poem that tells a story
quatraina stanza or poem made up of four lines
repetitionthe use of any element of language more than once
rhymethe repetition of sounds at the ends of words
rhyme schemea regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem
rhythmthe pattern of beats, or stresses, in spoken or written language
sensory languagewriting or speech that appeals to one or more of the senses
sonneta fourteen line lyric poem, usually written in rhymed iambic pentameter
speakerthe voice in the poem
stanzaa repeated grouping of two or more lines in a poem that often share a pattern of rhythm and rhyme

English Teacher
West Brunswick High School

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