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USH: Ch 13 WWII (Russo)

fascismpolitical movement that emphasized autocratic and nationalist policies
kamikazeJapanese suicide missions
final solutionthe use of extermination camps and gas chambers by Nazis against Jews
blitzreig"lightning war"; sudden massive attacks or lightning war
December 7th 1941Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
June 6th 1945D-Day, Allies stormed beaches of Normandy
Joseph Stalinfascist dictator of the Soviet Union
Benito Mussolinifascist dictator of Italy: started new "Roman Enpire" by conquering Ethiopia
Adolf Hitlerfascist dictator of Germany
Neville Chamberlainthis British prime minister signed the Munich Pact: pre WWII
Munich Pactagreement with Germany regarding Czechoslovakia, signed by Neville Chamberlain
Battle of Britainthe result of this led Hitler to call of the invasion of Britain
Polandthis nation was the first country to be invaded and taken over by Germany
nonagression pactprior to the invasion of Poland, this is what Germany and the Soviet Union agreed to
Germanythis country invaded Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg
appeasementby signing the Munich Pact, Britain and France agreed to take this policy toward German aggression
Neutrality Act of 1939this allowed nations to buy American armaments as long as they pay cash and carry the goods home on their own ships
Axis PowersGermany, Italy, Japan
Lend-Lease Actallows the president to loan or "rent" arms to "any country whose defense is vital to the US"
Hideki Tojoprime minister of Japan
JapanHideki Tojo was this nation's prime minister during WWII
Pearl Harborsite of a surprise attack on the US by Japan
Office of Price Administrationthis was created by Congress to fight the threat of inflation
Selective Service Systemthis instituted the draft and eventually mustered ten million soldiers
Niseithis term refers to Japanese Americans who were born in the USA
WAAC'sthe Women's Auxiliary Army Corps
War Production Boardthis assumed the responsibility for converting industry from peacetime to wartime production and distributing raw materials to key industries
Office of Scientific Research and Developmentthis was responsible for improvements in radar and sonar and the development of "wonder drugs" such as penicillin that saved countless lives
Harry S. TrumanFDR's vice president; as president he dropped atomic bombs to save U.S. lives
D-Daythis day marked the invasion of Nazi-controlled Europe on shores of France
George Pattonthis American General led the troops that liberated Paris from German occupation
Battle of the Bulgethe initial success of this German offensive battle was due mainly to the Allies' being caught off guard
Harry Trumanpresident who made the decision to drop the atomic bomb
AlliesWWII countries that fought with USA and Great Brtiain
AxisWWII countries that fought with Germany, Italy, Japan
Holocaustgenocide(killing) committed against the Jewish people by Nazis
anti-Semitismdiscrimination against Jewish people
genocidewiping out an entire racial or cultural group
ghettorestricted area of European cities that kept Jews separated from others
Kristallnacht"night of broken glass", gangs of Nazis destroyed property of Jews
inflationincreasing prices when there is more money available than goods to buy
internmentrelocation of Japanese Americans to camps in the United States
GermanTroops from here marched into Poland in 1939 to start WWII
Attack of Pearl HarborDecember 7, 1941
JapaneseWhose aircraft bombed U.S. fleet at Pearl Harbor?
HitlerChose to ignore agreement and invaded Soviet Union
D-DayThis invasion of France was the final push to defeat Germany; June 6, 1944
V-E DayGermany surrenders; "Victory in Europe"
"Final Solution"Germany's goal to get rid of Jews, Slavs, Gypsies, those wt mental illness/disabilities
12 millionApproximate number of people killed in the Holocaust
General MacArthurleader of land forces in the Pacific
Admiral NimitzLeader of navy forces in the Pacific
Manhattan ProjectSecret group that worked to develop an atomic bomb
Hiroshima/NagasakiDestroyed by first two atomic bombs ever used in war
War Production BoardJob was to oversee the making of war goods.
Office of Price AdministrationJob was to set prices on goods to keep inflation down.
Japanese AmericansMany were forced into interment camps during WW II
Winston Churchillprime minister of Great Britain during WWII

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