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*Cells*

Cell Information

AB
Roberte HookeEnglish Scientist who examed a cork and saw many boxes which he named cells
The Cell Theory1. All living things are made up of one or more cells. 2. Cells are the basic unit of structure and fuction in all living things. 3. All cells come only from other living things.
Cell MembraneIt is a thin structure made up of protein and lipids which surround both plant and animal cells. It is used to the protect the cell from it's surroundings and control what enters and leaves the cell. It make homostasis possible.
HomostasisHaving a steady enviorment
Cell WallIt is is rough and dense and can oly be found in plant cells. It is there to allow the cell to stand up right. It contains cellulose.
CelluloseA complex sugar molecule
NucleusIt governs the cell. It is surround by a nuclear membrane. It also directs reproduction. It carries DNA which stores information to reproduce.
CytoplasmIt is a jelly like substance which is 80% water. It holds the organlles and is where cell processes take place.
OrganellesThe organelles let the cell carry out the life process. They are jobs of the cell.
MitochondriaThe Power House of The Cell it releases enegy from food so the cell can carry out it's life process
RibosomesProtein Factories Of The Cell. They assemble protein which the cell uses for growth and repair
Endoplasmic ReticulumThey are Highways that transport materials throughout the cells through canals, and network tubes.
Golgi BodiesThey are flattened sacs. They store material delivered by the ER..
LysosomesThey are the garbage collecters which contain powerful digestive chemicals which break down waste products and old cell parts.
VacuolesThey have fluid filled sacs which store food and waste products which the vacuoel ll get rid of.
ChloroplastsThey arefound in plant cells. Chloroplast contain a green pigment called chlorophyll. Chlorophyll traps energy from the sun to make glucose which provides food and energy to the cell.
Parts Of Living ThingsCell, Tissue, Organ, and Organ System
DiffusionDiffusion is the movement of any substance from a high to low concentration
OsmosisOsmosis is when water diffuses freely through the cell membrane
PermeableWhen substances can diffuse freely through the cell membrane
ImpereableWhen substances can not pass through the cell membrane
Selectivly PermeableWhen only some substances can diffuse in and out of the cell membrane
Protein CarriersThis take biggerer objects through the cell membrane
Active TransportWhen a cell uses celluet energy
Passive TransportDoes not require cellular energy

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