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The Rise of Dictators and World War II

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fascicmpolitical philosophy that advocates a strong, centralized nationalistic government headed by a powerful dictator
Adolf Hitlerleader of the fascist National Socialist German Worker's Party (Nazi Party)
Nazi partyNational Socialist German Workers' Party; came to power under Adolf Hitler in the 1930's
Joseph Stalinsuccessor to Lenin in Russia; govt. tried to control every aspect of life in the nation
AxisGermany, Italy, and their allies during World War II
isolationismkeeping to one's self
Land-Lease Act1941 law that allowed the United States to ship arms and supplies, without immediate payment to nations fighting the Axis powers
Pearl Harbornaval base in Hawaii that was hit in a surprise attack by Japan on Dec. 7, 1941
Dwight D. EisenhowerAmerican General in WW II
D-DayJune 6, 1944, the day the Allies invaded France during WW II
Battle of the Bulgemonth-long battle of WW II in which the Allies turned back the last major German offensive of the war
Yalta Conference1945, Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin discussed plans for the end of WW II and the future of Europe
Treaty of Versaillestreaty ending WW1
Bataan Death Marchin 1942, the Japanese marched 70,000 Filipino and American soldiers 60 miles to a prison camp
Battle of Midwayvictory for the US over the Japanese in a 1942 naval battle that was a turning point of WW II
island hoppingWW II strategy in which the Allies invaded islands that the Japanese weakly defended in order to stage further attacks
Manhattan Projectthe top-secret program set up in 1942 to build an atomic bomb
Hiroshimathe first city in Japan that was hit by an atomic bomb on August 6, 1945
rationingdistributing a fixed amount of a certain item
Rosie the Riveteran image of a strong woman hard at work at an arms factory during WW II
League of Nationsan organization of nations to settle disputes peacefully
The HolocaustThe murder of 6 million Jews by Nazis
Japanese-American internmentorder signed in Feb, 1942, allowing for the removal of Japanese and Japanese Americans from the Pacific Ocean
Marshall Planapproved in 1948, the US gave more than $13 billion to help the nations of Europe after WW II
G.I. Bill of Rightspassed in 1944, this bill provided educational and economic help to veterans
Nuremberg trialscourt proceedings held in Nurenberg, Germany, after WW II in which Nazi leaders were tried for war crimes
United Nationsinternational peacekeeping organization to which most nations in the world belong, founded in 1945 to promote world peace, security and economic development
colonialismcontrol or governing influence of a nation over a dependent country, territory, or people.
Immigrantperson from one country who moves to another


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