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flashcards

words with their definitions from all year long

AB
aquaferunderground rock formation
recharge zonearea of land on the Warth's surface from which groundwater originates
eutrophicationprocess that increases the amounts of nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus, in a marine or aquatic ecosystem
water pollutionchemicals and etc. that don't belong in water but are present
surface waterfresh water that is above ground in lakes, ponds, rivers, and streams
watershedentire area of land that is drained by a river
groundwaterwater found underground
thermal pollutionmassive heat that causes things to die
nonpoint pollutionpollution from no particular source
point pollutionpollution from a specific source
pathogensdisease-causing organisms such as bacteria
organic matterbiodegradable remains of animals and plants, including feces
organic chemicalspesticides, fertilizers, plastics, detergents, gasoline and oil, and other materials made from fossil fuels such as petroleum.
inorganic chemicalsacids, salts, toxic metal; from both point and nonpoint sources
toxic chemicalschemicals that are poisonous to living things, including heavy metals, and many industrial, and some household, chemicals
physical agentsheat and suspended solids such as soil
radioactive wastefrom power plants or nuclear processing and defense facilities
bioaccumulationaccumulation of larger and larger amounts of a toxin within the tissues of organisms at each successive trophic level
phthlatea chemical found in bottle water that is known to cause cancer
desalinizationby removing the salt from salt water
watercyclethe continual process in which water circulates between the atmosphere and the Earth
wastewater treatment plantstructure that filters out contaminants from waste water
wetlandarea of land covered by water for at least part of the year
Clean Water Actact passed by U.S. Congress to restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the nation's water
benthic zonebottom of a body of water, inhabited by decomposers, insect larvae, and clams
Environmentthe surroundings of an organism that affect its' life and developement
Environmental Sciencethe studies of how humans interact with the environment
Natural ResourcesAny natural sustance that living things use such as sunlight, soil, water, plants and animals
Resource DepletionExhuastion of natural resources such as extraction of oil.
Renewable ResourceResources in great abundance that are continually produced such as wind and sunlight.
Non-Renewable ResourceResources that can be used up faster then they can be replenished naturally such as coal, oil and natural gas
Pollutionthe contamination of the air, water and/or soil
Extinctionthe irreversable disappearance of a population or species
Biospherelayer around earth in which life occurs naturally which extends 8 km up and down
Developed CountriesHighly indusrtialized coutries with high incomes and high standards of living.
Developing CountriesLess industrilaized countries with low income and standard of living
Population CrisisSituation in which population is so large, the economy and country cannot support it
Consumption CrisisSituation in which natural resources are being used up, wasted or polluted faster then they can be renewed, replaced or cleaned up
Sustainable WorldWorld in which human populations can continue to exist indefinately with hich standards of living and health
Pure ScienceStudy and activity that seeks answers to questions about how the world works
Applied ScienceStudy and activity that uses informaiton provided by pure science to solve problems
Ecologythe study of how living things are related to eachother in certain areas as well as theri environment
ExtrapolateTo take the findings and research on one thing and apply it to everything in that field
TheoryAn idea gotten from a tested hypothesis
FactThe truth
Opinionone person's point of view
Aestheticwhat is pleasing or beautiful
EconomicGain or loss of money or jobs
Healthmaintenence of the body
Scientificknowledge gained by research
AdaptationAn inherited trait that increases an organisms chances of survival in a certain environment
EvolutionChange in genetic characteristics of a population from one generation to the next
Natural SelectionTerm used tp describe the unequal survival and reproduction that results from the presence of a particular inherited traits
CarnivoreAnimal that eats meat
HerbavoreAnimal that eats plants


nikki fenton

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