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Basic Computer Terms 1

HardwareThe components of a computer system, such as the keyboard, hard drive, and printer.
SoftwareA general term used to describe computer programs such as applications and operating systems.
Data FlowThe path information travels through the computer. The three steps are input, processing, and output.
Input DeviceAny device used to get information into the computer such as the keyboard, mouse, or joystick.
Output DeviceAny device used to get information back out from the computer such as the printer, monitor, or speaker.
ProgramA general term used for the instructions that tell the computer to perform an action.
Operating SystemSoftware that allows the user do things such as save files, load software, and find applications.
Application ProgramPrograms a user accesses in order to produce a document.
BootThe term used to describe the start-up of a computer.
Caps LockThe keyboard function that locks all keys so they automatically key capital rather than lowercase letters.
Right ClickThe use of the right mouse button to access special features of an application.
DesktopOn this screen you will find shortcuts to other programs and folders.
IconA graphic used to identify a computer function such as a program or a feature.
Scroll BarA means of moving a page vertically or horizontally using arrows or the “elevator” box.
Task BarA bar, usually at the bottom of the screen, that indicates what documents are currently open on the desktop.
Tool BarA grouping of icons that provides the most commonly used functions of an application.
Minimize ButtonThe button that sends the document window to the task bar. It's still open but you can't see it.
Maximize ButtonThe button that increases the size of the window of a document so it fills the screen.
Close ButtonThe X in the upper right corner of a window used to close a document or an application window.
Restore ButtonButton used to reduce the size of the window of a document so it does not fill the entire computer screen.

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